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Pemberton, Rev. Joseph Hardwick
'Pemberton, Rev. Joseph Hardwick'  photo
Photo courtesy of Josef Distl
Rose breeder and discoverer   Listing last updated on 18 Oct 2017.
Havering-atte-Bower
Romford, Essex
United Kingdom
[From The Book on Roses, by Dr. G. Griffin Lewis, p. 139:] Rev. J. H. Pemberton of Havering-atte-Bower, Romford, Essex, England, was born on October 4, 1854, and died on July 22, 1926.

[From Peter Schneider on Roses, by Peter Schneider, p. 147:] Joseph Pemberton was an Anglican curate who originated the hybrid musk roses and lived all his life in a round house with his sister...

[Pemberton's sister Florence Pemberton died 1930.]

[From Fifty Favourite Roses, by Michael Gibson, p. 54: this is what Pemberton had written about himself and his nursery in his Select Rose List of 1916:] The Roses offered in this List are Dwarf or Bush Plants. They have been grown and cultivated by the Rev. Joseph Pemberton and Miss Florence Pemberton primarily for their own enjoyment. Friends, however, have desired plants, so the Roses are now offered to the general public.


[From The Makers of Heavenly Roses, by Jack Harkness, p. 79:] Joseph Hardwick Pemberton was born on 5 October, 1852... in Essex... [When Joseph was twenty-one, his beloved father died,] The summer after his father died, that of 1874, Joseph made up his mind to enter some of the family roses in a rose show... He won second prize, and from that moment... he was an exhibitor of roses, with his sister [Florence] as his willing and enthusiastic helper... [by 1896] they were growing about 4,000 roses... he dearly loved the remnants of his grandmother's roses in the garden ['Aimee Vibert', 'De Meaux', 'Tuscany' and others]. In 1882, he took some of them to a National Rose Society Show in South Kensington, and asked permission to stage them 'Not for Competition.'... He labelled his exhibit 'Grandmother's Roses'. The onlookers thronged around it all day, their interest in old-fashioned roses thoroughly awakened... Ever mindful of his family home and the happiness of childhood, he cherished his 'Grandmother's Roses'. He set out to breed such varieties, with the intention that they should outbloom his grandmother's, most of which were finished for the season in July, by flowering as long as the winter allowed, even up to Christmas Day. He wanted roses which would survive and bloom after all around them had perished, rather than those cosseted and nursed through their sickly lives by the showmen... For the foundation of his breeding line, he choose 'Trier'... In 1913, [Pemberton introduced] 'Danae' and 'Moonlight'... In 1919, Pemberton adopted the term Hybrid Musk [to describe his roses]...


[From A Heritage of Roses, by Hazel le Rougetel, pp. 114-117:] Pemberton had first called his roses 'Hybrid Teas' and thus they were advertised in the 1916-17 catalogue... Scotchers was an additional 2 1/2 acres (1 hectare) of land with good topsoil and plenty of clay beneath, situated a quarter of a mile away from the original nursery, where some 35-40,000 roses were grown annually for sale... All the roses of the Pemberton Nursery were bequeathed to their gardeners, who set up their own, Bentall at Havering and Spruzen at Staplefod Abbotts... [Mrs. Ann Bentall budded] all the new seedlings and [had] success with 'Mermaid' (brought out by George Paul in 1917), a rose notoriously difficult to propagate and passed to the Pemberton Nursery for [Mrs. Bentall's] expert attention...


[From The Old Rose Adventurer, by Brent Dickerson, p. 362:] The Reverend J.H. Pemberton, in England, originated a group of varieties which he called Hybird Musks. They are large bushes, in bloom more or less continuously, bearing flowers of varying size and doubleness, mostly white, pale pink, and pale yellow, in gigantic clusters.


[From Growing Old-Fashioned Roses, by Trevor Nottle, p. 21: Musk Roses are] a race of roses bred in England by the Reverend Joseph Pemberton between 1912 and 1939 with the expressed aim of obtaining roses which would provide a continuous and bountiful display of bloom for the garden on bushes that were free growing and healthy. The good Reverend also held fragrance to be of great import...

 
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