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'Bengale Oeillet' rose Description
'Agrippina' rose photo
Photo courtesy of CybeRose
Availability:
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
130 favorite votes.  
Average rating: GOOD+.  
ARS:
Medium red China.
Registration name: Cramoisi Supérieur
Exhibition name: Cramoisi Supérieur
Origin:
Bred by Unknown (before 1818). Bred by Unknown Belgian breeder(s) (Belgium, before 1823). Bred by Coquereau (France, 1832). Bred by Coquerel (France, 1832). Bred by Giovanni Antonio Luigi Villoresi (Villaresi) (Italy, before 1832).
Introduced in France by Jean-Baptiste Paillet in 1834 as 'Cramoisi Supérieur'.
Class:
China / Bengale.  
Bloom:
Cherry-red to crimson, white streaks..  Mild, raspberry fragrance.  Average diameter 2.25".  Small to medium, very double, borne mostly solitary, cluster-flowered, in small clusters, in large clusters, cupped-to-flat, globular, reflexed bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  
Habit:
Light green foliage.  
Height of 30" to 6' (75 to 185 cm).  Width of 3' to 4' (90 to 120 cm).
Growing:
USDA zone 7b through 10b.  Can be used for beds and borders, cut flower, garden or hedge.  Vigorous.  drought resistant.  heat tolerant.  Can be pruned to maintain a shorter habit.  Prune lightly or not at all.  
Ploidy:
Triploid
Notes:
Ashdown Roses says the introducer is Sprunt in 1837.
Pépinières Loubert says the breeder is Coquerel.
It is possible that several different roses were called 'L'Eblouissante'. 'La Gauffré' = l'Eblouissant' is possibly a different rose than 'Cramoisi supérieur'. The Cels catalogue of 1836/37 list 'l'Eblouissant' for 1 franc, while 'Cramoisi supérieur' is priced at 5 francs, indicating that the latter was a very recent introduction (1835 or 36). an 1843 catalogue lists two distinct roses for 'Agrippina' and 'Cramoisi superieure'.
 
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