'Rosa X centifolia cristata' rose Description
Photo courtesy of Maribel Blasco
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Pink. Strong, centifolia fragrance. Full (26-40 petals) bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer.
Height of 3' to 5' (90 to 150 cm). Width of up to 4' (up to 120 cm).
USDA zone 4b through 9b. Hardy.
The fringed and mossy sepals project from the buds in such a way that they resemble little three-cornered hats like the French tricorne that Napoleon often wore.
DNA analysis has shown that 'Oeillet' is related to 'Crested Provence'. The same study differentiates the latter from 'Cristata' or 'Chapeau de Napoléon'. - see References.
Napoléon was born on 15 August 1769 in Corsica. He was crowned Emperor on 18 May 1804 and died on 5 May 1821 on St. Helena.