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'Happiness' rose References
Book  (Dec 1998)  Page(s) 294.  Includes photo(s).
Happiness Hybrid Tea, Meilland, 1949. Parentage: ('Rome Glory' x 'Tassin') x ['Charles P. Kilham' x ('Charles P. Kilham' x 'Capucine Chambard')] Description... As a greenhouse variety it was highly successful and gave perfectly formed, hard-petalled, long-lasting blooms for florists the world over... The blooms are large, brilliant crimson at first, then pale to medium red with a little "blueing" in the color tone... the plant is not hardy...
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 210.  Includes photo(s).
Happiness ('Rouge Meilland') Large-flowered. Meilland 1948. Description... the world's favorite crimson flower-shop rose for over twenty years.. Meilland re-cycled the name and used it for another rose introduced later...
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 232.  
Hybrid Tea, medium red, 1954, ('Rim'; 'Rouge Meilland'); ('Rome Glory' x Tassin') x ('Charles P. Kilham' x ('Charles P. Kilham' x 'Capucine Chambord')); Meilland, F.; URS, 1949 & C-P, 1951. Bud long, pointed; flowers medium red, double (38 petals_ high-centered, large (5-6 in.); slightly fragrant; upright, vigorous growth.
Book  (1985)  Page(s) 128.  
in 1951 [Francis Meilland] obtained from the Ministry of Industry and Energy a Brevet d'Invention for his new rose 'Rouge Meilland'. This was a red variety for cutting, introduced in America as Happiness.
Book  (Apr 1984)  Page(s) 146.  
Happiness ('Rouge Meilland'). Meilland 1949
Book  (Apr 1984)  Page(s) 101.  
Happiness came into being in 1937 in Tassin from a crossing of Marrakech and Leonce Colombier.
Book  (1958)  Page(s) 149.  
Happiness (Rouge Meilland in France). HT. (F. Meilland; int. C-P, '51.) (Rome Glory X Tassin) X (Charles P. Kilham X (Charles P. Kilham X Capucine Chambard)). Bud long pointed; fl. very large (5-6 in.), dbl. (35-40 petals), high centered, slightly fragrant, brilliant red aging crimson-carmine; long stem. Upright, very vig. (28) Pl. Pat. 911.
Book  (1951)  Page(s) 152.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (1951)  Page(s) 45.  
Rose Nomenclature 
By the Editor
As no doubt some of our members are aware, a very unsatisfactory situation with respect to Rose names has arisen within the past few years due to the practice of certain large commercial firms in re-naming Roses of European origin, contrary to and in defiance of "International Rules of Botanical Nomenclature" and its supplementary schedule known as Appendix VII (Nomenclature of Garden Plants).
Valid Name: Rouge Meilland
Re-christened: Happiness
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