'Kut'h Gulab' rose References
Booklet (2009) Page(s) 35.
Perhaps the most easily noted detail revealed about the China Roses by the similarity matrix though, was how many accessions had identical SSR profiles. The "C25 grp" on the dendrogram represents the China Rose cultivar Old Blush, with the group's oldest recorded date of introduction into Europe of around 1752 (Cairns (ed.), 2000), and the eight synonyms or sports found in this study: 'Climbing Old Blush', 'Green Rose', 'Single Pink', 'Rouletii' [all ex Antique Rose Emporium], 'Pompon de Paris' [ex Ralph Moore], 'Bengale d'Automne' [ex Vintage Gardens], 'Archduke Charles' [ex ARE], and an R. chinensis var. semperflorens [ex Flower Research Inst., Yunnan]. This large group of synonyms and sports still actively propagated and sold in the trade demonstrates how important 'Old Blush' continues to be, long after being used as a parent of importance in the breeding of modern roses.
Booklet (2009) Page(s) 28.
Diploid....Old Blush, heterozygous loci 74% [Provenance: Antique Rose Emporium]
Article (magazine) (2007) Page(s) 404.
Table 1. Comparison of key volatile components in representative cultivated Chinese roses and species. [adsorption volume by Solid Phase Microextraction (peak area, x10')]
Article (misc) (2003)
Old Blush China: diploid
Book (Dec 2000) Page(s) 82.
Parsons' Pink China
China [country] [with Parsons] 1793
Article (website) (21 Jan 2000) Page(s) 1.
The Occident's first China... It had arrived in France, via England, by 1798... [Dickerson explains the difficulty in pinning down names and dates for the older roses and explains:] Rosarians call 'Parsons' Pink China' the "first China," even while assigning an earlier date for the "second China" 'Slater's Crimson China'...
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 37-39. Includes photo(s).
... thought to be the prettiest [of the four China stud roses]... Plants of 'Old Blush' are vigorous and produce clusters of dainty, informal pink blossoms that deepen in color as they age...
Book (May 1998) Page(s) 32, 33. Includes photo(s).
Page 32: Rosa indica vulgaris ('Common China Rose', 'Rosier des Indes commun') Description... Flowers semidouble, soft pink, faintly scented at the moment of opening... Popular all over Europe, from palaces to cottage gardens -- the most widespread shrub of the genus. The 'Common China' was introduced by the English from India and flowered for the first time in Parson's garden at Rickmansworth, Herts., around 1793. It is known in London nurseries as the 'Pale China Rose'...
Page 33: [ILLUSTRATION]
Magazine (1998) Page(s) 116. Vol 92, part 4. Includes photo(s).
Dr. Tam Koolin. Three Wild Roses and Old Blushes in Coastal Fujian, South East China.
....The surprise came in winter when a much-hacked bush (in the gueshouse garden that the University kindly let me tend, in which were several pink and red varieties which I had collected from the local residents) produced familiar rather frilly petals and pink shadings. Indeed it was a lovelier form of the authenticated 'Old Blush' that I had grown earlier in south London.....
Photo - the Huada Old Blush (South China).
Book (Feb 1997) Page(s) 8.
[This entry was taken from one of Will Tillotson's Roses' catalogues:] Old Blush China. (1796) 4-5 feet, spreading. Not only "The Last Rose of Summer' as immortalized by the poet Moore, but also the first and in between, for this China rose literally never stops. A semi-double "fluttering assemblage of pink petals" giving an impression of airiness and gaiety...