'General Jack' rose References
Article (misc) (2003)
Général Jacqueminot: Tetraploid
Book (Aug 2002) Page(s) 42.
Book (Dec 2000) Page(s) 460.
Roussel (Meudon, France) [w/Rousselet] 1853
Book (Dec 1998) Page(s) 263. Includes photo(s).
Général Jacqueminot ('General Jack', 'Jack Rose', 'La Brillante', 'Mrs. Cleveland', 'Richard Smith', 'Triomphe d'Amiens') Roussel (France) 1853. Seedling of 'Gloire des Rosomanes'. There are at least 500 seedlings and up to 60 sports of this honored Hybrid Perpetual... most of today's red roses can trace their ancestry to it... immense, dark red flowers... occasional white streaks... the blooms do not like hot sun... Mildew and rust may be a problem. Amateur Roussel of Meudon, France named this rose for a French general of the early nineteenth century
Book (Nov 1994) Page(s) 143, 316.
Page 143: Général Jacqueminot Hybrid Perpetual. Roussel (France) 1853. ('La Brillante', 'Richard Smith', 'Triomphe d'Amiens', 'Mrs. Cleveland'). Possibly a hybrid between 'Gloire des Rosomanes' and 'Géant des Batailles'. Description... rich crimson flowers... a famous plant and ancestor...
Page 316: Général Jacqueminot brilliant scarlet-crimson flowers and damask fragrance... a fertile tetraploid... left a host of descendants of a similar type...
Book (Dec 1993) Page(s) 100.
Général Jacqueminot ('General Jack', 'Jack Rose')
Roussel (France) 1853
'Gloire des Rosomanes' x 'Géant des Batailles'
... An important variety in the development of the Modern Rose... most of the red roses of the present day relate back to this variety... rich crimson... the fragrance is particularly strong...
Book (Sep 1993) Page(s) 189. Includes photo(s).
Général Jacqueminot Hybrid Perpetual. ('General Jack'; 'The Jack Rose'; 'Richard Smith'; 'La Brillante'; 'Mrs. Cleveland'; 'Triomphe d'Amiens') There is some dispute whether the credit for its raising goes to a M. Roussel or his gardener, M. Rousselet, and just what its parents were. Probably 'Gloire des Rosomanes' x unknown. Description... one of the all-time great studs of the rose world... named for a veteran of Napoleon's wars...
Book (Apr 1993) Page(s) 203.
Hybrid Perpetual (OGR), red blend, 1853, ('Gén. Jacqueminot'; 'General Jack'; 'Jack Rose'); Probable seedling of 'Gloire des Rosomanes'; Roussel. Bud scarlet-crimson; flowers dark red, whitish reverse, double (27 petals), blooms with long, strong stems; very fragrant; foliage rich green; vigorous, bushy growth; recurrent bloom. Prototype for Hybrid Perpetual class.
Book (Feb 1993) Page(s) 121. Includes photo(s).
Botanical grouping: Chinensis
'Gloire des Rosomanes' seedling (possibly x 'Géant de Batailles')
(synonym: 'General Jack', 'Jack Rose', 'La Brillante')
... played a role in the breeding of many modern red roses. Long-stemmed blooms... deep crimson with scarlet touches... Recurrent... can suffer from rust later in the summer...
Book (1993) Page(s) 73.
General Jacqueminot is a rose frequently found by those who search out historic roses in old homesteads and graveyards... 'General Jack' bears red, intensely fragrant blooms on a vigorous but not too tall bush (though it can reach six feet)... 'General Jack' is also famous for its role in hybridizing. A survey by the Iowa Experimental Station in Ames, Iowa, by Clark D. Paris and T.J. Maney in 1941 showed that there were 468 direct-line seedlings and 62 sports of this rose... [McCann recounts the legendary story behind the rose... one of Napoleon's favorite officers caught his own daughter in the arms of a young office and stabbed the boy to death... the daughter later died of a broken heart...] In the arbor where the lovers had been seated under a large pink rose bush, there appeared a short time afterward a stem, deep red and quite different from the original rose... [See source for more information]