'Old Red Damask' rose References
Book (2002) Page(s) 84.
R. gallica officinalis ('Apothecary's Rose') Species, before 1600. Rated 8.7
Article (magazine) (2001) Page(s) 393.
Rosa gallica var. officinalis Ser. Ploidy 4x
Pollen fertility 83.1%
Selfed Fruit set 8.7%
Selfed Seed set 21.9%
Article (magazine) (2001) Page(s) 400.
Fig. 1: R. officinalis [Closest relation to 'Belle sans Flatterie'. Next kin: Assemblage de Beautés]
Article (magazine) (Jun 1999) Page(s) 101.
Rosa gallica officinalis One of the roses Josephine grew at Malmaison and that is still available today...
Article (magazine) (Jun 1999) Page(s) 101. Includes photo(s).
Article (magazine) (May 1999) Page(s) 61. Includes photo(s).
Book (Mar 1999) Page(s) 84-85. Includes photo(s).
Officinalis ('Apothecary's Rose', 'Rose of Provins', 'Red Rose of Lancaster', R. gallica maxima, R. g. duplex) Description.
Book (Mar 1999) Page(s) 7.
Thibault IV... brought [this rose to Provins]... It retained its perfume in the dried petals. The apothecaries of that town initiated an industry, making medicinal preparations and other confections from R. gallica 'Officinalis'; the industry flourished for over six hundred years, selling its products worldwide and bestowing them upon such notable as Joan of Arc, Louis XIV, and Napoleon... Opoix, the same physician from Provins whose early nineteenth-century writings document the town's industry, reported how the Rose of Provins became known to the English in the late thirteenth century. About 1277 the Count of Egmont (Edmund, the first Earl of Lancaster), son of the King of England, had been dispatched to France to avenge a murder. After accomplishing his mission, he returned to England with red roses, the first of which Thibault had carried from Syria. The Count of Egmont as head of the house of Lancaster adopted this same rose on his coat of arms, thus the Rose of Provins also became known as the Red Rose of Lancaster...
Website / Catalog (4 Jan 1999) Page(s) 20. Includes photo(s).
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 20, 22.
Page 20: Officinalis Properly cultivated, it often serves as a ground cover.
Page 22: Officinalis Gallica. Description. The oldest and the most famous of the Gallica roses...