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'Geranium' rose Description
'Independence' rose photo
Photo courtesy of Margaret Furness
Availability:
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
66 favorite votes.  
ARS:
Orange or orange-red Floribunda.
Registration name: Independence
Origin:
Bred by Wilhelm J.H. Kordes II (1891-1976) (Germany, 1951).
Class:
Floribunda, Polyantha (Europe).  
Bloom:
Orange or orange-red.  Moderate fragrance.  35 petals.  Average diameter 4.5".  Very large, double (17-25 petals), borne mostly solitary, cluster-flowered, in small clusters, cupped, urn-shaped bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  
Habit:
Large, glossy, dark green foliage.  
Growing:
USDA zone 6b and warmer.  Hardy.  heat tolerant.  rain tolerant.  Disease susceptibility: disease resistant.  Spring Pruning: Remove old canes and dead or diseased wood and cut back canes that cross. In warmer climates, cut back the remaining canes by about one-third. In colder areas, you'll probably find you'll have to prune a little more than that.  
Patents:
United States - Patent No: PP 1,036  on  18 Sep 1951   VIEW USPTO PATENT
Ploidy:
Tetraploid
Notes:
US patent lineage states as 'self-seedling of an un-named seedling of Crimson Glory x Baby Château, which is the differs from the lineage sited in REFERENCES

The name 'Nezhenka' was mentioned as the Russian name for this rose in a lecture by Vera Klimenko at the Fourth International Rose Conference, London 1968.