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'Robin des Bois' rose References
Book  (Feb 2009)  Page(s) 223.  
 
‘Robin Hood’: Hybrides Musqués. Parents: semis x ‘Miss Edith Caldwell’. Obtenteur: Pemberton, 1927. Un rosier facile et si gai avec ses pyramides de minuscules fleurs ébouriffées, presque simples, d’un rose carmin foncé, éclairé de blanc au coeur…
Book  (Apr 1999)  Page(s) 368.  
 
Robin Hood Hybrid Musk. Pemberton, 1927. From an unnamed seedling x 'Edith Cavell' (Polyantha). [The author cites information from different sources...] Light red... Pink, nuanced carmine
Book  (Dec 1998)  Page(s) 510.  Includes photo(s).
 
Robin Hood ('Robin des Bois') Modern Shrub. Pemberton (UK) 1927. Description... The simple, small, cherry red blooms are produced in large clusters and are extremely fragrant... this variety's chief claim to fame is that it was one of the parents of 'Iceberg'...
Book  (Mar 1995)  Page(s) 147.  
 
Robin Hood Pemberton (England) 1927. Hybrid Musk. Description... bright cherry red with a white eye, an exception to the Pemberton preference for soft colors... One of the greatest stud roses of all time, 'Robin Hood' is an ancestor of 'Queen Elizabeth' and, through a separate line, of nearly all modern floribunda as well as many of David Austin's English roses. This rose was introduced by Florence Pemberton after her brother's death in 1926...
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 348.  Includes photo(s).
 
Robin Hood Hybrid Musk. Joseph Pemberton 1927... cherry-red to carmine flowers... a noteworthy parent... Unnamed seedling x 'Miss Edith Cavell'
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 499.  
 
Hybrid Musk (Shrub), medium red, 1927, ('Rob in des Bois'); Seedling x 'Miss Edith Cavell'; Pemberton. Flowers cherry-red, blooms in large clusters; vigorous (4-5 ft.), dense, compact; recurrent.
Book  (1991)  Page(s) 368.  
 
Robin Hood Hybrid Musk. Pemberton 1927. Parentage: Seedling x 'Edith Cavell' (Polyantha). The author cites information from different sources... Light red... Pink, nuanced carmine...
Book  (1985)  Page(s) 87.  
 
Robin Hood in the hands of Kordes was to have an important effect on modern roses... 'Robin Hood' is red, more of a Polyantha than a Hybrid Musk...
Book  (1978)  Page(s) 120.  
 
p120. 'Robin Hood' was called a Hybrid Musk, although in reality it is a Polyantha, and was only excluded from that class by its size, because people thought Polyanthas should be dwarf......

p158. 'Robin Hood' Medium height +. Red. Remontant. Perfume 2 [on an ascending scale of merit from 1 to 10]. Hips 2. We now come to a Polyantha different from the 'Orleans Rose' type. it is usually called a Hybrid Musk, and grows into a spreading bush, with narrow, dark, smooth leaves. The flowers are red, with white at the centre, small, opening with a semi-double appearance, and multitudinous. It was raised by the Rev. J. H. Pemberton from a seedling x 'Miss Edith Cavell' and turned out to be a valuable parent in the hands of Wilhelm Kordes. Introduced in 1927.
Book  (1971)  
 
p109. 'Baby Chateau'.... was a normal crimson in colour, and was descended from the so-called "Hybrid Musk" 'Robin Hood', which was raised in 1927 by Pemberton from an unnamed "Hybrid Musk" seedling pollinated by the polyantha 'Miss Edith Cavell'

p118. In 1927 Pemberton tried a change, by crossing one of his unnamed seedlings with the polyantha pompon 'Miss Edith Cavell', to yield 'Robin Hood'. The seedling's own parentage is not recorded; all we know of it is that it bore the code number 172/11; but it is a fair guess that it too, was derived from 'Trier' and that Pemberton used it because it had the rare property of being fertile, even though he didn't think it good enough to put on the market. As was only to be expected, 'Robin Hood' was indistinguishable from a tall floribunda.

p121. [diagram of lines of descent]
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