'Rosier Toujours Vert' rose References
Book (2012) Page(s) 68.
Rosiers toujours vert. Rosa sempervirens, Linné. 1ère Serie...
([syn.] R. Sempervirens minor, vib.
([syn.] R. Sempervirens Globuleux, Thory
([syn.] R. Sempervirens Scandens, Miller
Book (May 1998) Page(s) 128-129. Includes photo(s).
Rosa sempervirens globosa ('Round-fruited Evergreen Rose') Description... petals 5, white... All varieties of R. sempervirens come from Italy, mainly the Florence area, where they bloom almost throughout the year... The petals are made into a supposed purgative medicine used by the people of Tuscany, although probably in minute doses...
Book (Jul 1993) Page(s) 100.
Rosa sempervirens, the Evergreen Rose, is a native of Southern Europe and North Africa... Although R. sempervirens is not completely hardy, its hybrids seem to be almost entirely so...
Book (1993) Page(s) 78. Includes photo(s).
[Listed under "Wild Roses and Their Cultivars"] Description. Found from North Africa and Spain to Greece and Turkey. Flowers from early to midsummer.
Magazine (1992) Page(s) 7-14. Includes photo(s).
[Article "The Evergreen Rose: Rosa sempervirens by Gert Handschin]...in old rose books sometimes with the old names Rosa alba or Rosa atrovirens. In Italy is the name Rosa di San Giovanni also common...The foliage of the Evergreen Rose is light green and tender in spring. In summer they become leathery and glossy. In autumn she sows beautful discolouration from yellow to orange up to purple-red. Also these autumnally discoloured leaves often persist on the branches. A characteristic of Rosa sempervirens is the form of the leaves. The individual leaflets are narrow; they are mostly 3-4 times longer than broad. The terminal leaflet and the following pair are conspiciously larger than the others. Especially the bottom pair is generally very small. In addition, the leaflets, especially the terminal one, are pointed sabre-like and hooked.
Aside from this basic form, Rosa sempervirens shows a large variation in the form and size of the individual leaves...The great variability of this foliage has led researchers of wild roses to divide Rosa sempervirens into a large number of sub-varieties and forms. Observations show however that this variability is due to differences in the environment....Conspicious is the creeping or climbing habit. One finds the rose creeping on the ground in rather shady slopes, where it blooms rarely. In sunny hedges ..climbs up to 6 m high...The hips...are small and globular. The typical stylus column is also recognizable after fading....The glandular peduncle and sepals as well as the fine hair on the column differentiate it from Rosa arvensis....
Book (1984) Page(s) 174.
E. F. Allen. Roses of Interest.
Rosa sempervirens var. prostrata.....
Book (1981) Page(s) 288.
R. sempervirens L. Evergreen Rose. Climbing, to 5 m./16.5 ft. high or trailing, stems slender, flexible, green, with slender, red prickles; leaflets 5-7, ovate-lanceolate, acute, 2.5-6 cm./1-2.4 in. long, glossy on both sides, simply serrate, stipules with glandular margin; flowers several in corymbs, white, scented, 3-5 cm./1.2-2 in. across, June-July; sepals ovate, glandular beneath, dropping; stipules hairy, glandular; fruits ovoid-globose, 12 mm./0.5 in. Long, orange-red. 2n=14, 21, 28. WR 5 (=R. balearica Pers.) ["The Genus Rosa"] Mediterranean Region, N. Africa. 1629. Tender.
Formerly used in hybridizing; descendants are: --> 'Félicité et Perpétue', 'Spectabilis' and 'Adélaide d'Orléans'. Furthermore this species was involved in the origin of the Ayrshire Roses,
Book (1981) Page(s) 99.
Rosa sempervirens These evergreen roses from the Mediterranean area occupy, geographically speaking, a middle ground. To the east they border the area of R. moschata, and to the west and north the territory of R. arvensis; in their appearance, too, they are intermediate to these two species.
1623 Was first described as Rosa moschata sempervirens.
1629 (or earlier). Was introduced into England and was therefore the earliest form of climbing rose in cultivation.
1824-1832 Used by Jacques, Head Gardener to the Duc d'Orléans at the Château de Neuilly, for cross-breeding; in those years he produced about 40 varieties, but of These only two remain today:
1826 'Adélaide d'Orléans' (Jacques), pale rose.
1827 'Félicité et Perpétue' (Jacques), double, white tinted with cream, fragarnt. Named in memory of the two martyrs, St. Felicitas and St. Perpetua who were thrown to the lions in Carthage in 203 A.D.
Book (1947) Page(s) 237.
Sempervirens (evergreen) (Species), Southern Europe, is a somewhat tender climbing rose with glossy evergreen foliage made up from five to seven large leaflets, bearing clusters of single white flowers about two inches in diameter. In pruning, only the dead wood should be removed. Linnaeus (known in 1629). .Climber. Slightly fragrant...White...June-July. Hardy only in sheltered positions in South.
Book (1937) Page(s) 78.
sempervirens L. (Synsty. Mediterr.) [ploidy] 14 and 28