[From The Quest for the Rose
, by Phillips & Rix, p. 128:] From 1900 onwards Barbier & Cie of Orleans, France, raised a group of beautiful, large-flowered Ramblers using Rosa luciae
, a trailing species from Japan, as the source of the climbing habit and for its glossy, dark green, evergreen foliage, and various Tea and Hybrid Tea Roses to provide size and colour in the flowers. Barbier's Ramblers include 'Albéric Barbier'
(1900), 'Paul Transom'
(1901), 'Alexandre Girault'
(1909), and 'Albertine'
[From The Ultimate Rose Book, by Stirling Macoboy, p. 181:] there is some evidence that M. Barbier raised his Ramblers not from the Japanese R. wichuraiana but from its Chinese counterpart, R. luciae.
[Ibid, p. 458:] An early twentieth-century French firm, based near Orléans and responsible for some fine Ramblers, officially derivative of Rosa wichuraiana but thought by some to have been bred from R. luciae...
[From Botanica's Roses, p. 70:] The Barbier nursery in Orleans produced the most popular Ramblers of the century, including 'Albertine', 'Alexandre Girault', and 'Francois Juranville'. He created 23 Climbers and Ramblers.
[From Roses: Species and Varieties; Description and Photographs, by Van Dijk and Kurpershoek, p. 14:] the Orléans firm of Barbier et Cie specialized in climbing roses so beautiful that they are still being grown...
[From Roll-Call: The Old Rose Breeder, by Brent C. Dickerson, p. 376:] Louis Claude Noisette acquired the collection of the surgeon/rosarian Barbier
[From Ibid, p. 12:]
Barbier frères & Cie.
16 Route d'Olivet
[From Climbing Roses, by Stephen Scanniello and Tania Bayard, pp. 86-88:] [Barbier] fertilized the flowers [of R. wichuraiana] with the pollen of roses of several classes... Barbier used [less hardy roses than his American counterparts] many tea roses, which were common in French gardens... All of [Barbier's] hybrid wichuraiana climbers combine flowers that resemble those of th epollen parent with the extreme vigor and disease resistance of the species rose... A nearly complete collection of [Barbier's] climbers grows in the gardens at La Roseraie de l'Haÿ-les Roses, near Paris... René Barbier was renowned for the climbers he created in the early part of the [20th] century