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Experimenting on Different Understocks
(28 Feb 1935)  Page(s) 53.  
 
R. californica although it proved almost impossible for budding purposes, I found it very easy to graft. Root-grafts were very successful if planted deep enough to discourage sucker growth. Roses like 'La France', 'Mme. Butterfly', and 'Radiance' did wonderfully well on it.
(28 Feb 1935)  Page(s) 53.  
 
R. californica although it proved almost impossible for budding purposes, I found it very easy to graft. Root-grafts were very successful if planted deep enough to discourage sucker growth. Roses like 'La France', 'Mme. Butterfly', and 'Radiance' did wonderfully well on it.
(28 Feb 1935)  Page(s) 55, 57.  
 
While 'Manetti' is a fine understock for the darker Hybrid Teas... it is fast being replaced by Japanese Multiflora and 'Odorata'...
p. 57: Japanese Multiflora has finally come into its own in California as the most nearly universal understock... I am told that a form of Multiflora called 'Chenault (5892)' is better than Japanese Multiflora...
(28 Feb 1935)  Page(s) 56.  
 
Rugosa makes a good understock if you do not mind removing root suckers two or three times a year, for it spreads very rapidly by shallow, rhizome-like roots or sucker-like stems which arise directly from the roots at some distance from the plant.
 
(28 Feb 1935)  Page(s) 54, 55, 56.  
 
'Editor McFarland' and 'Golden Dawn' have made fine plants for me on Texas Wax. The best plant of 'Mrs. Sam McGredy' that I have was budded on an extremely vigorous plant of 'Texas Wax'.
p. 55: 'Texas Wax' outside of a few of the older Hybrid Teas, inherently vigorous like 'Radiance', most roses grow and bloom better on other stocks...
p. 56: 'Texas Wax' also has the habit of pushing out or covering up an early placed bud...
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