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'Rouge Meilland' rose References
Book  (Dec 1998)  Page(s) 294.  Includes photo(s).
Happiness Hybrid Tea, Meilland, 1949. Parentage: ('Rome Glory' x 'Tassin') x ['Charles P. Kilham' x ('Charles P. Kilham' x 'Capucine Chambard')] Description... As a greenhouse variety it was highly successful and gave perfectly formed, hard-petalled, long-lasting blooms for florists the world over... The blooms are large, brilliant crimson at first, then pale to medium red with a little "blueing" in the color tone... the plant is not hardy...
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 210.  Includes photo(s).
Happiness ('Rouge Meilland') Large-flowered. Meilland 1948. Description... the world's favorite crimson flower-shop rose for over twenty years.. Meilland re-cycled the name and used it for another rose introduced later...
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 232.  
Hybrid Tea, medium red, 1954, ('Rim'; 'Rouge Meilland'); ('Rome Glory' x Tassin') x ('Charles P. Kilham' x ('Charles P. Kilham' x 'Capucine Chambord')); Meilland, F.; URS, 1949 & C-P, 1951. Bud long, pointed; flowers medium red, double (38 petals_ high-centered, large (5-6 in.); slightly fragrant; upright, vigorous growth.
Book  (1985)  Page(s) 128.  
in 1951 [Francis Meilland] obtained from the Ministry of Industry and Energy a Brevet d'Invention for his new rose 'Rouge Meilland'. This was a red variety for cutting, introduced in America as Happiness.
Book  (Apr 1984)  Page(s) 146.  
Happiness ('Rouge Meilland'). Meilland 1949
Book  (Apr 1984)  Page(s) 101.  
Happiness came into being in 1937 in Tassin from a crossing of Marrakech and Leonce Colombier.
Book  (1958)  Page(s) 149.  
Happiness (Rouge Meilland in France). HT. (F. Meilland; int. C-P, '51.) (Rome Glory X Tassin) X (Charles P. Kilham X (Charles P. Kilham X Capucine Chambard)). Bud long pointed; fl. very large (5-6 in.), dbl. (35-40 petals), high centered, slightly fragrant, brilliant red aging crimson-carmine; long stem. Upright, very vig. (28) Pl. Pat. 911.
Book  (1955)  Page(s) 23.  
Harry H. Hazlewood. Some New Roses for 1955. 
Rouge Meilland (Meilland, 1951) This is listed as 'Happiness' in England and America. It is an outstanding exhibition and garden variety and was reported by Dr. Thomas as being the most popular variety in the cut flower trade in Europe.
Book  (1951)  Page(s) 152.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (1951)  Page(s) 11.  
Harry H. Hazlewood.  The New Roses of 1951.  Rouge Meilland (Meilland, 1949) has caused, quite a stir in rose circles from more than one point of view. The name originally published was 'Rouge Meilland', and this must therefore stand as the official valid name. It turn out however that contracts were signed in U.S.A. and England to sell it under the name of 'Happiness'.  The Registration Committee in U.S.A. accepted the name 'Happiness', but this title has been rejected by the N.R.S., although it is stated they awarded it a Certificate of Merit under its changed name. The raiser lists it in his catalogue as 'Rouge Meilland' (Happiness). Leaving the parties concerned to wrestle with the name problem, the bloom commands attention by reason of its superb broad petals, good shape and deep crimson to bright red exhibition flowers. The growth is vigorous and thorny, but there is little fragrance, which is a matter for regret. The name Meilland is perhaps the foremost in the rose hybridising world today and one naturally hopes for all round excellence.
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