'Austrian Briar' rose References
Book (2005) Page(s) Vol. I, p. 198. Includes photo(s).
Rosaceae (Gülgiller), Rosa foetida (Sarıgül, Acem sarısı; Antep gülü), Yellow Briar. 5 petals. to 2.00 m. North, central and south eastern Turkey. Fields, cultivated ground. 700-1900 m. April-June. Perennial woody plant.
Book (2001) Page(s) 441.
Rosa foetida Herrm., De Rosa (1762) 18.
Rosa eglanteria L., Amoen. Acad. 5 (1760) 220, non L. (1753); R. lutea Mill., Gard. dict. ed. 8 (176^8) no. 4; R. chlorophylla Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 2 (1788) 138; R. eglanteria α lutea Thory ex Seringe in DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 607.
Persian yellow brier, Austrain brier; German Kapuzinerrose, Gelbe Rose; Russian roza vonjučaja, roza iranskaja želtaja.
Asia Minor, Armenia, Iran, Afghanistan to India and Tibet.
Often cultivated primarily as an ornamental shrub or hedge, so in India, Iran and Iraq. The petals together with the honey are prepared in Iran to the sweet "gulamgabiu"; the dried flowers are used as drug.
Ref.: Hegi IV (2) 1923; Husain & Kasim 1975, 275 pp.; Krüssmann 1986, 484 pp.; Vul'f & Maleeva 1969, 566 pp.; Wealth of India 9, 1972.
Article (magazine) (Jun 1999) Page(s) 99. Includes photo(s).
Rosa eglanteria Redouté & Thory One of the roses Josephine grew at Malmaison and that is still available today... Redouté's R. eglanteria is today known as R. foetida, or 'Austrian Yellow'... Scientists have proven that R. foetida is most susceptible to foliage disease and might even be the genetic source for black spot in other roses... 'Austrian Yellow' was popular in Colonial New England, where it's now often found near abandoned cellar holes...
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 12, 15. Includes photo(s).
Page 12: R. foetida The 'Austrian Briar Rose'. Flowers: large, yellow, stamens...
Page 15: [Photo]
Book (May 1998) Page(s) 50-51. Includes photo(s).
[Thory lists this under this name] Rosa eglanteria ('Austrian Briar', 'Yellow Wild Briar', 'Rosier Eglantier') Description... petals 5, of a beautiful pale yellow... This is easily recognised by the foetid scent of the flowers but pleasantly fragrant leaves which smell like apples when bruised...
Book (1997) Page(s) 110.
Rosa foetida [Scanniello refers to R. foetida as] the "Typhoid Mary" of the rose world [because it] shows an amazing attraction to black spot...
Book (1997) Page(s) 120. Includes photo(s).
Austrian Briar ('Austrian Yellow', R. foetida, R. lutea) Asia, 16th century or earlier. Description... Large, single flowers of rich golden-yellow with prominent stamens...
Book (1996) Page(s) 22.
Rosa foetida ('Austrian Briar', 'Austrian Yellow', R. lutea) Wild shrub rose... [the name] 'Austrian Yellow' recalls a stage on its journey from Turkey across Europe in the sixteenth century, though there is reason to believe the Spaniards had it much earlier than that, via Africa...
Book (1995) Page(s) 77-78.
R. foetida, and through it the 'Persian Yellow', proved in the climate of the West to be a martyr to black spot which, although known to exist, [had] not been a particular problem for European gardeners. The Persian rose passed on this particular weakness to all its progeny and, as the early Pernet-Ducher roses were crossed by other breeders with practically every rose they could find, in the hope of a winner to match the success of 'Rayon d'Or', black spot was spread far and wide and is now to be found in roses of every hue... many of [R. foetida's] descendants have tended to be not very robust and to suffer from die-back... Since the introduction of 'Rayon d'Or' a multitude of yellow roses has been produced with greater or lesser claims to perfection from their breeders but, until the coming of the floribunda 'Allgold' from the Norfolk breeder Edward Le Grice in 1956, no rose had really overcome all the drawbacks that the use of R. foetida had brought...
Book (Sep 1993) Page(s) 133. Includes photo(s).