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'Peon' rose References
Book  (Aug 2002)  Page(s) 85.  
 
Tom Thumb
Rated 7.0
Book  (Nov 1998)  Page(s) 77, 81.  
 
Page 77: Credit for the first Miniature rose ever hybridized goes to the Dutch breeder de Vink... 'Peon' was popular with the Dutch, but it took a journey to North America for true fame...
Page 81: Tom Thumb... Although the blossoms are semidouble, the look single...
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 438.  Includes photo(s).
 
Tom Thumb ('Peon') Miniature... Pedro Dot's 'Peon' [was] rechristened 'Tom Thumb' by Robert Pyle in 1936... crimson flowers. Parentage: 'Gloria Mundi' x 'Rouletii'
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 609.  
 
Miniature, red blend, 1936, ('Peon'); 'Rouletii' x 'Gloria Mundi'; de Vink; Conard-Pyle. Flowers deep crimson, center white, semi-double, small (1 in.); foliage leathery, light green; very dwarf growth.
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 124.  
 
Ross Heathcote. Pink Miniature Roses. 'Midget' (de Vink - 1941) A very deep pink bloom, similar to 'Peter Frankenfeld' (some catalogues describe as red but not in my garden). The blooms come in small clusters of about four to six on a low compact bush, about 40cms high and wide. The double blooms open to a flat flower of about 2cms across. Quite showy and reasonably disease free.
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 226.  
 
From ['Tom Thumb' and 'Oakington Ruby', Ralph Moore] began the breeding programme that is still going strong today.
Book  (May 1992)  Page(s) 55, 305.  
 
Page 55: the distinction of breeding the first popular hybrid Miniature goes to the Dutchman de Vink. He crossed 'Rouletii' with the Dwarf Polyantha 'Gloria Mundi' to bring forth 'Peon', a small Miniature whose red flowers each have a white eye... ['Tom Thumb' produced] a succession of colourful progeny...
Page 305: Peon ('Tom Thumb') Miniature. de Vink (Netherlands) 1936. 'Rouletii' x 'Gloria Mundi'
Book  (1992)  Page(s) 135.  
 
Ross Heathcote. Red Miniature Roses. ....and 'Midget' (1941, de Vink) likewise described as 'carmine' is also a deep pink and as such both are not considered here.
Book  (1991)  Page(s) 9, 10, 12.  
 
Page 9: Robert Pyle, then head of Conard-Pyle rose company in Pennsylvania visited de Vink's nursery in The Netherlands and saw 'Peon'. He took the plant home, had it propagated, took out a patent on it and renamed it 'Tom Thumb'. He introduced it in 1936 -- and the arrival of the modern miniature was heralded.
Page 10: So popular did Tom Thumb become that, after its first year, it had to be withdrawn from the Conard-Pyle catalogue for a year while the company built up enough stock to meet the demand.
Page 12: Perla de Montserrat, Tom Thumb and Cinderella were (and still are) among the smallest roses you could find...
Book  (1985)  Page(s) 134.  
 
Peon was introduced in Europe in 1935... Parentage was most likely 'Rouletii' x 'Gloria Mundi'... it was introduced in the United States by the Conard-Pyle Co in 1936, under the name 'Tom Thumb'...
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