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'Duchesse de Sutherland' rose References
Book  (2006)  Page(s) 69.  
 
'Comtesse d’Oxford'. [“Sangerhausen Duchess of Sutherland”]
Magazine  (2001)  Page(s) 40. Vol 23, No. 2.  
 
Philip Sutherland. The Hybrid Perpetual Rose. ….though ‘Duchesse de Sutherland’ was still being grown for the Parisian cut-flower trade in the late 1920’s. It also seemed to impress the Clark family who grew it at Glenara, although it now appears to be extinct in Australia.
Book  (Dec 2000)  Page(s) 275.  
 
Duchesse de Sutherland
Hybrid Perpetual
Jean Laffay 1839
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 146.  
 
Duchess of Sutherland Hybrid Perpetual, 1839, Laffay. Description.
Book  (Jun 1992)  Page(s) 128.  
 
Duchesse de Sutherland ('Duchess of Sutherland') Hybrid Perpetual. Laffay, 1839. [Author cites information from different sources.]
Bright glossy pink, changing to pale rose... flesh pink of an incomparable shade... A good seed-bearer... thorny...
Magazine  (1986)  
 
Heritage Roses in Australia 1986 Conference Proceedings. p34

Address by Clair Martin III “Hunting Old Roses in California”:
I think this is the one you’re calling 'Duchess of Sutherland', which is a very important, very early Hybrid perpetual. In actuality a hybrid China, and I’ll have to define what I call a hybrid China. It’s exactly what William Paul calls a hybrid China. Any European rose crossed with the China rose that really in the beginning were once blooming. They only bloomed in spring. This is what happens, the 'Duchess of Sutherland' is one of those roses, that not only does she bloom in spring, but she often repeats her bloom again. So its one of the roses that probably the European hybridizer, like Laffay and those people used to make their jump from once blooming roses to repeat blooming roses, Hybrid Perpetuals.
Book  (1948)  Page(s) 1 7.  
 
A. W. Jessep. The Botanical Position of the Rose. ….Hybrid Perpetual. ….and in 1837 ‘Princess Helene’ was obtained. This was the earliest of the recognized Hybrid Perpetuals, but was closely followed by ‘Duchess of Sutherland’ and ‘Mme. Laffay’ in 1839. This group gradually became popular, and from 1860 until 1890 were by far the most popular garden roses.
Book  (1942)  
 
p25. Alister Clark. …..Rivers catalogue of 1834…… Apart from 'Duchess of Sutherland' and…. I know few of the others listed.

p26 Alister Clark. It was at Berkhamsted that dear old Edward Mawley showed me 'Bennett’s Seedling' covering the front of his house, and a standard of the old 'Duchess of Sutherland' which he moved with him whenever he changed houses.
Book  (1936)  Page(s) 689.  
 
of Sutherland, Duchess (HP) Laffay 1839; flesh-coloured, large, double, fragrance 7/10, growth 5/10.
Book  (1935)  Page(s) 178.  
 
Duchess of Sutherland Laffay 1840, rosy pink, large, full, shy in autumn
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