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'Maréchal Niel' rose References
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 103.  
Marechal Neil [The author presents a lot of information about this rose, here are some excerpts:] 'Marechal Neil', the most famous of all great climbing roses in American history, needs sun and warmth... It was said to have a short life even in warm climates, but I have seen it grown for many years in the garden of Ralph Moore in Visalia, in central California... named for a gentlemen who who had presided at the opening of a botanical garden in the vicinity of Monttuban around 1863...
Book  (Jun 1992)  Page(s) 217.  
Maréchal Niel Pradel, 1864. Noisette. Seedling of 'Isabella Gray' [itself a seedling of 'Chromatella'] [Author cites information from many different sources. According to Nicolas' Rose Manual, it was Named after a French general, Minister of War of Napoleon III.]
Article (magazine)  (1988)  Page(s) 25.  
[Colour description according to the CIELAB colour space (petal inside): L* = Lightness, a* = red-green axis, b* = yellow-blue axis]
'Maréchal Niel' (golden-yellow), L* 87-88, a* -10 to -8, b* 40-52

...The very much lighter Yellow of 'Maréchal Niel' well evident from the lower +b* values for Yellow saturation.
Article (magazine)  (1988)  Page(s) 61-62.  Includes photo(s).
The tender yellow blooms of the famous climber 'Maréchal Niel' show a very similar composition [to Gloire de Dijon]. They are therefore almost pure yellow, as the concentration of the anthocyanides Cyanine and Chrysanthemine is so low as not to be discernable by eye. The carotenoid content is moderate with 24 mg%. The mixture again has relatively much of the colourless pre-stages [of carotenoids] with traces of Lycopin; but not less than 30% of the total carotenoids consist of the reduction products of Lycopin, which we have mentioned already with 'Gloire de Dijon'. It is quite sensitive and pales strongly, especially in direct light.
Book  (1988)  Page(s) 78.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (1972)  Page(s) 27.  
Barbara E. Collins. "D. Deal". The Rose Society, in its first annual publication in 1907 carried an account of the life and work of the Rev. Henry Honywood d'Ombrain, its founder and secretary for 25 years.... During one of these excursions, d'Ombrain came upon a discarded seedling in a box of experimental grafts, which took his fancy. He impressed upon the nursery in question to give this particular experiment another chance - the result was 'Marechal Niel' which enjoyed such enormous popularity.
Article (misc)  (1954)  Page(s) 38.  
Maréchal Niel 14 chromosomes.
Article (misc)  (1950)  Page(s) 93.  
'La France', introduced in 1867 and supposedly the first hybrid tea, is still comparatively popular [in 1950]. It used to grow like a weed and produce blooms in greater abundance than any other variety. I must confess, it now looks very weary beside the newer varieties... 'Marechal Niel' is another grand old rose that has lost much of its nineteenth century glamor. Introduced in 1864, it was one of the leading roses under glass for 50 years...
Book  (1942)  Page(s) 58,60.  
Many other old Tea roses, both in bush and climbing form, are to be found in these old gardens [of the Pacific Coast in California]...., and in southern gardens Maréchal Niel, which grows so much better there than in the West--all of them perfectly at home and quite happy under conditions that would not be endured by many a Hybrid Tea rose....Maréchal Niel, that old favorite whose fragrance has no equal, seems definitely a rose for the South; along the Gulf coast it grows with even greater luxuriance than in English greenhouses.
Website/Catalog  (1938)  Page(s) 21.  
Tea. Maréchal Niel (Pradel 64). Golden-yellow magnificent rose. Requires sheltered location, do not prune. Lay the top dry in winter and cover with soil or fir branches. Standard.
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