'Pâquerette' rose References
p129 ….and it is a great delight to have at last been able to find and make available ‘Paquerette’ the rose considered to be the first polyantha.
p132 ‘Paquerette’ (1875). Recognised as the first of the polyantha class and worth growing for this if no other reason. Small, double, white flowers in large clusters. Compact growth.
Book (1985) Page(s) 17.
During the 1860s seed of the wild species R. multiflora (sometimes known as R. polyantha was sent from Japan to France. In his nursery at Lyon, Guillot planted seed from a cross between R. multiflora, and the ‘Dwarf Pink China’…..the ‘Dwarf Pink China’ is, of course R. chinensis minima. …..From these first plants a second generation contained some seedlings which were dwarf and repeat flowering. They included both ‘Paquerette’ a white, and the pink-flowered ‘Mignonette’. These were the first of the dwarf polyantha roses, combining some of the better characteristics. Dwarf and with a prolonged flowering period, they were, at the same time, hardy and the flowers were borne in large clusters, making a good display.
Book (1978) Page(s) 155.
Credit for the first Polyantha, and thus for a significant contribution to modern roses belongs to Guillot Fils of Lyon-Monplaisir, France. ‘Paquerette’ set the pattern for the new class, of being short and flowering in clusters. I have read a statement that R. multiflora is the only rose with a tendency to breed dwarf varieties. This is untrue. Not only have we the evidence of the Miniatures to show that R. chinensis does the same….. It is assumed that R. multiflora was pollinated by a China, and thus produced ‘Paquerette’ a dwarf, white and remontant rose.
p71 One of these which had double white flowers he sent out in December 1875 under the name of ‘Paquerette’. A second, much like the first but pink in colour, was marketed in November 1880 as ‘Mignonette’.
p75 ….one should bear in mind that at this time there were only two polyanthas, ‘Paquerette’ and ‘Mignonette’ in existence. But as a matter of fact, these two roses show little sign of multiflora influence anywhere; in everything but bloom they closely resemble the pink china, but the flowers which are more double but much smaller, come in widely-spaced clusters. There is very little difference between them.
Article (misc) (1954) Page(s) 43.
Pâquerette 14 chromosomes.
Book (1936) Page(s) 540.
Paquerette (polyantha) Guillot 1875; Multiflora X Tea Rose (?); pure white, very small, double, fine form, in clusters of 30, fragrance 2/10, floriferous, continuous bloom, bright green foliage and branches, growth 5/10, bushy, short. Counts as the basic form of the dwarf polyanthas.
'Ma Paquerette' (poly pom.): Flower white, small, double, in trusses. Growth vigorous.
Book (1930) Page(s) 67.
Paquerette (Guillot) Height 15 inches, foliage dark...green, leaflets small; black-spot almost free. Flowers: bud small, round cone, 80-90 in cluster, cream tinged with venetian pink; expanded blooms cupped, double, white; lasts 3 days in water. Season June 15 until September, with breaks at end of July and end of August.
Book (1912) Page(s) 61.
Polyantha nains remontants...
Pâquerette, Guillot 1875. Blanc pur.- fl. petit, très pleine; très florifère, vigueur moyenne
Magazine (8 Jul 1911) Page(s) 326.
The Parentage of Roses.
The following list of the world's Roses and their parentage has been compiled by Mr. Robert Daniel, 38 Russell Road. Fishponds, Bristol, and by his kind permission we are enabled to publish it...
Ma Paquerette... Perpetual Pompon*, Guillot f., 1875, Seedling R. multiflora
*i.e., dwarf Polyantha