'Rosa centifolia L.' rose References
Website / Catalog (2009)
Rosa centifolia Linn.
Habitat : Cultivated chiefly in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Ayurvedic : Shatapatri, Shatapatrikaa (Shatapatra is equated with Nelumbo nucifera.), Taruni, Devataruni, Karnikaa, Chaarukesharaa, Laakshaa, Gandhaaddhyaa. (Flowers—usually pink and double.)
Unani : Gul-e-Surkh. [in other sources: = Rosa damascena]
Siddha/Tamil : Iroja, Rajapoo.
Action : Flowers—a decoction is prescribed for inflammation of the mouth and pharynx, and ulcers of the intestine. Powder of rose buttons and seeds—astringent in haemorrhage and diarrhoea. The flowers and leaves contain 1.3 and 8.5% of saponin respectively. Petels are reported to contain methionine sulphoxide.
Cabbage rose yields a volatile oil (0.2%) consisting mainly of citronellol, geraniol, nerol, phenylethanol, linalool and citral. It contains 15% tannins (oligomeric proanthocyanidins).
Article (magazine) (2006)
.....R. x centifolia trichomes resemble those of R. x damascena ‘bifera’. One difference is that they seem to have redder head-cells (Fig.): they are highly branched (Fig.) and may be very long (Fig.).
.....R. x centifolia and R. x damascena cultivars are both in the section Gallicanae and genetically related.....Thus, these cultivars could have preserved some traits of their common ancestor, R. gallica. Indeed, these species have the same kind of glandular trichomes on leaves and sepals and nearly the same VOCs in sepals.
Book (2006) Page(s) 42.
Zhaolin et al. (1988) used gas-chromatography and mass spectrometry for analysis of the essential oil and the fragrant volatile oil compound from the Rosa centifolia flowers. 26 copmpounds were identified from the fragrant volatiles and 35 compounds from the essential oil. Major constituents of the fragrant volatile oil include Phenyl ethanol, Citronellol, Geraniol and Citronellyl acetate.
Book (2006) Page(s) 77.
Graph: Flower production...under Faisalabad climatic conditions. Rosa centifolia. [12 to >60 blooms per month January-December with a peak in May with >60 blooms]
Book (2006) Page(s) 123-125.
In the Rosa centifolia species an increase in the number of flowers per plant was observed with the increasing temperature, which seems a unique character in roses. The flower production of Rosa centifolia was maximum in the hottest months of the year, i.e. May, June and July...The species, Rosa centifolia performed excellently under Faisalabad climatic conditions and produced fabulous flowering throughout the year. From the results it was recorded that a single plant of rosa centifolia produced about 500 fragrant flowers/year....
...the initiation of leaves followed by an inflorescence is repeated cyclically in Rosa centifolia.....lw concentrations of GAs permit floral induction in Rosa centifolia throughout the growing season.
Article (magazine) (2005) Page(s) 973.
Recovery of concrete oil from petals of Rosa demascena was higher (0.24%) than Rosa centifolia (0.22%) on fresh weight basis. Similarly absolute oil recovered from concrete oil of Rosa demascena was higher (10.17%) and 0.03% on the petal weight basis than Rosa centifolia (9.83% and 0.02%, respectively).
Some chemical constituents of essential oil of Rosa centifolia and Rosa damascena
Rosa centifolia (%age Constituents)
Citranellyl acetate 4.09
Phenyl ethyl alcohol 56.68
Rhodinyl acetate 1.94
Rosa damascene (%age Constituents)
Citranellyl acetate 2.46
Phenyl ethyl alcohol 70.86
Rhodinyl acetate 0.42
Book (2002) Page(s) 28.
Before 1867. Rated 8.2
Book (2001) Page(s) 442-443.
Rosa x centifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 491.
Rosa centifolia α vulgaris Seringe ex DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 619; R. gallica β centifolia Regel in Acta Hort. Petrop. 5 (1878) 254.
Complex hybrid under participation of R. gallica, R. moschata, R. canina and R. damascena.
Cabbage rose, Provence rose; German Zentifolia, Mairose; French rose à cent feuilles, rose de mai; Russian roza stolistaja; Hindi patti gulab; Sanskrit devataruni; Korean pulgûnkkothyangjangmi.
Wild area probably in Caucasus, N Iran to Turkey.
In some Mediterranean countries (Morocco, France and Italy) and in India, China and recently in North Korea cultivated for its flowers. Extracts used for expensive perfumes, cosmetics and luxurious foodstuffs. Petals for preparing jam. Flowers, roots and leaves in India and southern Africa are a drug.
Rosa x centifolia is one of the progenitors of the European multipetalous garden roses.
Ref.:Gildemeister & Hoffmann 5, 1959; Hammer et al. 1987, 323; Hegi IV (2), 1923; Krüssmann 3, 1978; Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk 1962, 1457 pp.; Wealth of India 9, 1972.
Book (2000) Page(s) 138. Includes photo(s).
‘Cabbage Rose’/’Centifolia’/’Centfeuilles’/Rosa x centifolia = Centifolia, rose moyen. Parfois surnommée ‘Rose des Peintres’, elle figure en effet sur bien des toiles de peintres flamands, et Redouté a fait son portrait… description. Pays-Bas, vers 1596.
Book (2000) Page(s) 152.
‘Centifolia’ /Rosa x centifolia = Selon C.C. Hurst, botaniste à Cambridge, il s’agit probablement d’un hybride complexe, comptant des ancêtres aussi divers que Rosa rubra, Rosa phoenicea, Rosa moschata et Rosa canina… description. Avant 1596.