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'Bengale d'Automne' rose References
Booklet  (2009)  Page(s) 35-36.  
Perhaps the most easily noted detail revealed about the China Roses by the similarity matrix though, was how many accessions had identical SSR profiles. The "C25 grp" on the dendrogram represents the China Rose cultivar Old Blush, with the group's oldest recorded date of introduction into Europe of around 1752 (Cairns (ed.), 2000), and the eight synonyms or sports found in this study: 'Climbing Old Blush', 'Green Rose', 'Single Pink', 'Rouletii' [all ex Antique Rose Emporium], 'Pompon de Paris' [ex Ralph Moore], 'Bengale d'Automne' [ex Vintage Gardens], 'Archduke Charles' [ex ARE], and an R. chinensis var. semperflorens [ex Flower Research Inst., Yunnan]. This large group of synonyms and sports still actively propagated and sold in the trade demonstrates how important 'Old Blush' continues to be, long after being used as a parent of importance in the breeding of modern roses.
.....'Bengale d'Automne' may be another case of unclear identity or multiple names for the same rose. The rose sampled in this study was identical to 'Old Blush', and though propagated as a separate cultivar, the source was not convinced it could be distinguished from 'Old Blush', but was perhaps a more refined form of it....
Booklet  (2009)  Page(s) 28.  
Diploid....Bengale d'Automne, heterozygous loci 74% [Provenance: Vintage Gardens]
Book  (2006)  Page(s) 79.  
Chinas. "Bengale d'Automne". Good, reliable rebloom. Good fragrance. Laffay, 1825..Large flowers of deep rose, paler at the petal bases, sweetly scented with a hint of pepper. Having grown this for several years now, we cannot distinguish it from Old Blush, though it is perhaps a very fine form of that rose.
Book  (May 1998)  
[section published in 1823] Rosa indica automnalis - Le Bengale d'automne [Rosa chinensis Jacq. variety - obtained from seed in the garden of Dr. Cartier before 1822]
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 103.  Includes photo(s).
('Bengale d'Automne', 'Rosier des Indes') China. Laffay (France) 1825.
Book  (Jun 1992)  Page(s) 35.  
Bengale d'Automne China. Laffay, 1825. Variable red.
Book  (1824)  Page(s) Vol. III, tab 46.  Includes photo(s).
Rosa indica Automnalis. Le Bengale d'Automne. Cette sous-variété du R. Indica multipetala, se couvre d’un grand nombre de boutons au printemps et dans l’été; mais tous avortent et se détachent avant l’épanouissement dans ces deux saisons. Ce n’est qu’à l’automne, vers le milieu du mois de septembre, que s’ouvrent complètement les boutons nouveaux que ce Rosier produit toujours en abondance. C’est M. le docteur CARTIER qui nous a communiqué cet arbrisseau, qu’il a obtenu de semence dans sa belle Roseraie. Il supporte bien les gelées. Il a passé l’hiver dernier (1822) dans nos platesbandes de terre de bruyère, et il est aujourd’hui très-vigoureux.
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