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'Rosa gallica atropurpurea' rose Description
'Bizarre Triomphant' rose photo
Photo courtesy of jedmar
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
146 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
Mauve or mauve blend.
Registration name: Charles de Mills
Bred by Unknown Dutch origin (Netherlands, before 1786).
Gallica / Provins.  
Crimson and red.  Strong fragrance.  Average diameter 4.75".  Large, full (26-40 petals) bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  
Suckers on its own roots, thornless (or almost).  Dark green foliage.  
Height of 39" to 5' (100 to 150 cm).  Width of 4' to 5' (120 to 150 cm).
USDA zone 4b through 8b.  Shade tolerant.  Disease susceptibility: disease resistant, susceptible to Mildew.  Prune after flowering is finished.  Prune lightly until this rose gets established (about two years), then prune it back by about a third..  This rose blooms on old wood.  
The earliest mention of 'Bizard triomphante' is in the 1786 catalogue of Gottlob Börner from Dresden, Germany, "bizard" being a term applied to tulips with streaked petals. This term seems to have mutated to "bizarre" in later French publications.

Pépinières Loubert's 2002 Catalogue says this rose came from Holland pre-1700. The 2004 catalogue lists 'Bizarre triomphante' as originating before 1811 and a separate 'Charles de Mills' before 1885. The 1844/45 Van Houtte catalogue contains the first known mention of 'Charles de Mils'. There is no substantion for the date of 1746.

A Charles Mills was Director of the East India Company, elected 1785.
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