'Rosa gallica atropurpurea' rose References
Book (2005) Page(s) 34-35. Includes photo(s).
Charles de Mills. Origin, parentage and date of introduction unknown...Often the name of 'Bizarre Triomphant' is given for this rose. It seems that this not exact, as this latter rose as itsels as synonyms 'Bizarre Changeant', a China, whose colour does not correspond to that of 'Charles de Mills'.
Book (2002) Page(s) 31.
Hybrid Gallica. Before 1746. Rated 8.5
Book (2000) Page(s) 156. Includes photo(s).
‘Charles de Mills’/’Charles Mills’/’Charles Wills’/’Bizarre Triomphant’: Gallique… riche rouge pourpré irisé de cramoisi, qui éclosent en coupe puis s’évanouissent presque à plat, de 8 à 10cm de diamètre… grand arbuste à port arqué…, peu épineux, au feuillage vert sombre. On le rencontre parfois en pleine nature. Pays-Bas avant 1700. RHS Award of Garden Merit, 1993.
Article (magazine) (Jun 1999) Page(s) 71. Includes photo(s).
Book (Apr 1999) Page(s) 37, 38.
[Dickerson lists 'Charles de Mills' and 'Busard Triomphant' separately.] Busard Triomphant ('Ardoisée', 'Bizarre Triomphant', 'Bleu', 'Maheca de Dupont', 'Pourpre Ardoisée', 'Rose Bleu', 'Violette Bronzée') Gallica, Busard (?), pre-1811. The author cites information from several sources... dark violet...
p. 38: [Dickerson lists 'Charles de Mills' and 'Busard Triomphant' separately.] Charles de Mills Gallica. Breeder unknown, pre-1885. The author cites information from different sources... Deep purple red...
Book (Mar 1999) Page(s) 44-45, 121. Includes photo(s).
Charles de Mills ('Charles Mills', 'Charles Wills') Gallica. 'Charles de Mills' seems to have originated in Germany as 'Charles Wills'; its name changed on its arrival in France. Although sometimes said to be 'Bizarre Triomphant', the descriptions of that rose are significantly different... The color is vivid purple-crimson, deepening in the center and aging to maroon, lilac, and mauve-gray...
p. 121: [Verrier lists 'Charles de Mills' and 'Bizarre Triomphant' separately.] Bizarre Triomphant ('Rose Bleu', 'Slate-colored Rose') Gallica. Descemet (France) before 1813... medium, double, blue-slate to purple, streaked with dark lilac... The English synonym, 'Slate-colored Rose', is from Gore, who frequently translated French rose names...
Article (newsletter) (Feb 1999) Page(s) 2.
Bizarre triomphant (syn. 'Charles de Mills') Before 1790... one of 15 Dutch gallicas that definitely or probably originated in the Low Countries and which are still in cultivation today
Website/Catalog (4 Jan 1999) Page(s) 20. Includes photo(s).
Book (Nov 1998) Page(s) 21.
Charles de Mills Gallica. Description. Produces the largest and most spectacular blossoms of all the Gallicas. Green eye.
Book (Jul 1998) Page(s) 72-74, 306. Includes photo(s).
Bizarre Triomphant ('Charles de Mills', 'Rose ardoisé' (Prévost, 1829), 'Violette bronzée' (Prévost, 1829), 'Rose bleue' [?] (Prévost, 1829).)... currently in commerce under the name of 'Charles de Mills'... one of the finest gallicas... dated before 1790 because it was found in the catalog of François of that date. It is also in that of Descemet of 1803. ... it grew in the garden at Malmaison...Hardy stated that it originated in the Netherlands and was introduced by Du Pont.... It was Prévost in his catalog of 1829 who first used the synonyms 'Rose ardoisée', 'Violette bronzée', and 'Rose bleue'... ...Until  the name 'Charles de Mills' never appears. It was probably adopted not before 1840. Loiseleur-Deslongchamps mentions in 1844...an Englishman called Mills in Rome whose "Italian pergola" covered with China roses, was famous: did the name of this Mills substitute that of 'Bizarre triomphant'? ...it is preferable to call this rose 'Bizarre triomphant' as Gravereaux did, rather than 'Charles de Mills'.
p. 306: Bizarre Triomphant Gallica (Dupont Hollande) Included in the collection of the Luxembourg Garden around 1852-1860.