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'Ardoisée' rose Description
'Charles de Mills' rose photo
Photo courtesy of domenico67
Availability:
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
144 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
ARS:
Mauve or mauve blend.
Registration name: Charles de Mills
Origin:
Bred by Unknown Dutch origin (Netherlands, before 1786).
Class:
Gallica / Provins.  
Bloom:
Crimson and red.  Strong fragrance.  Average diameter 4.75".  Large, full (26-40 petals) bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  
Habit:
Suckers on its own roots, thornless (or almost).  Dark green foliage.  
Height of 39" to 5' (100 to 150 cm).  Width of 4' to 5' (120 to 150 cm).
Growing:
USDA zone 4b through 8b.  Shade tolerant.  Disease susceptibility: disease resistant, susceptible to Mildew.  Prune after flowering is finished.  Prune lightly until this rose gets established (about two years), then prune it back by about a third..  This rose blooms on old wood.  
Parentage:
Notes:
The earliest mention of 'Bizard triomphante' is in the 1786 catalogue of Gottlob Börner from Dresden, Germany, "bizard" being a term applied to tulips with streaked petals. This term seems to have mutated to "bizarre" in later French publications.

Pépinières Loubert's 2002 Catalogue says this rose came from Holland pre-1700. The 2004 catalogue lists 'Bizarre triomphante' as originating before 1811 and a separate 'Charles de Mills' before 1885. The 1844/45 Van Houtte catalogue contains the first known mention of 'Charles de Mils'. There is no substantion for the date of 1746.

A Charles Mills was Director of the East India Company, elected 1785.
 
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