'Spray Cécile Brunner' rose References
Article (website) (2004)
RAPD-PCR analysis was used to answer questions regarding the identity of certain varieties of roses.
The question of the identity of ‘Spray Cecile Brunner’/‘Bloomfield Abundance’ was investigated, indicating that the plant currently grown under both names is truly a sport of ‘Cecile Brunner’, and should be classified as ‘Spray Cecile Brunner’.
Complete article is available online – see publication listing for URL
Book (1999) Page(s) 132.
Sam Gough, Victoria. Parentage And All That.
In the case of 'Bloomfield Abundance', it has been suggested that it is either a sport of 'Cecile Brunner' or a cross with this rose as one parent. It is also suggested that the two roses can be differentiated by the sepals, one having foliated the opposite type of sepals regularly occurring. When I raised a number of selfed seedlings from 'Bloomfield Abundance' all of them were very similar in colour, size and shape of bloom. The style of growth was also similar but in each there was sufficient difference to separate the plants. From these plants I formed the opinion that this variety is the closest to a true breeding rose that I have seen and is the result of the rose 'Cecile Brunner' being selfed, not crossed.
Magazine (1997) Page(s) 24-25. Vol 19, No. 1.
Hillary Merrifield. The Many Faces of Mlle. Cécile Brunner.
Though my promised article on the Cécile Brunner group of roses is almost complete, I still need some further information. Perhaps HRA members can help me with the following.
1 It is known that the so-called Bloomfield Abundance (which I feel is a tall shrub form of Cécile Brunner) has been grown in Australia and elsewhere in the world since at least the 1930s. If possible, I would like to hear of examples whose age can be documented or estimated fairly accurately.
2 Just when the name Bloomfield Abundance was wrongly applied to the above rose is uncertain, though I have previously expressed the opinion that it did not come into general usage until the 1960s ( HRA Journal, Vol 18, No 4, p 32). The original Bloomfield Abundance was a 1920 Hybrid Tea, now presumed lost. In my own case, in 1963 I moved into a turn of the century house in Guildford (Perth) which had a garden where none of the roses was dated later than 1930. There was a huge bush of what I thought was Cécile Brunner and I can remember being somewhat surprised to be told a few years later by a rosarian friend that it should be called Bloomfield Abundance. I would be grateful if members could tell me when they first heard that Bloomfield Abundance was the name for this shrub rose.
3 Cécile Brunner has a number of acknowledged sports including a very vigorous climber; Spray Cécile Brunner, which seems to be very like what we have been calling Bloomfield Abundance; white forms of the bush and the climber, and the peach-coloured Mme Jules Thibaud. However, Deane Ross felt that the latter was more likely to be a sport of Perle d’Or than Cécile Brunner (HRA Journal, Vol 15, No 2, pp 24-25).
I suspect that the original low-growing Cécile Brunner may have been a chimera, ie a plant which contains two or more genetically different body tissues. Without going into technicalities here, it is possible for hidden mutations in chimeras to emerge during propagation. In this instance the mutations may have involved increased vigour and modification of sepal shape. Consequently, I would be very interested to hear from any nurserymen and rose growers who have struck cuttings or made bud grafts of Cécile Brunner which have produced unexpected results, including the so-called Bloomfield Abundance form. There are unconfirmed reports in the literature suggesting this changeover occurs, but they are usually written off as growers using the wrong rose in the first place. There are no reports of the vigorous Bloomfield Abundance producing Cécile Brunner during propagation [there are now HM, 2003], though Nancy Steen once observed the equally vigorous Climbing Cécile Brunner putting out low-growing branches at the base of the plant ( The Charm of Old Roses.l987.p72). If you have any information which you think may help unravel the fascinating Cécile Brunner / so-called Bloomfield Abundance mystery please contact me at xxxxxx . All information received will be acknowledged in the article.
Magazine (Dec 1996) Page(s) 31-33. Vol 18, No. 4.
Hillary Merrifield. The Real Bloomfield Abundance Stands Up.
.....The first reference I can find to the name Bloomfield Abundance being applied to a rose which sounds like Cecile Brunner with giant sprays of flowers, is in Fairbrother (1965) and G. S.Thomas (1967), both of which were originally written in the late 1950s. The changeover could have occurred some time between 1943 and the late 1950s, possibly at the time when rose breeding and distribution started up again after World War Two. Records, labels and stock may have been lost and, as we all know, memory is not the most reliable guide in naming roses. However, Peter Beales (1992) says that he grew the so-called Bloomfield Abundance when working in E. B. Le Grice's Norfolk nursery in the early 1950s and that Le Grice had grown this rose under the Bloomfield Abundance name in the 1930s. Yet if Mansfield is correct, the original Bloomfield Abundance was still alive and well in England in the 1930s. Is it just possible that Le Grice was one of the sources of the name change, either in the 1930s, or more likely, after the war when he began to rebuild his nursery which is known to have suffered badly during the war years. (Raban, 1971). So - given that the name Bloomfield Abundance belonged to a Hybrid Tea, what is the rose which bears its name today? In another article I intend to look at the Cecile Brunner group and its various forms, and to give cultivation and genetic reasons why I think that the rose in question is a shrub form of Cecile Brunner.
Book (Nov 1993) Page(s) 56.
Bloomfield Abundance an excellent small climber when carefully espaliered on a wall, growing to a height of 2 m... shoots arising directly from the ground to form large fern-like sprays of flowers; these shoots must be cut out every couple of years so new ones will replace them...
Book (Apr 1993) Page(s) 572.
Spray Cécile Brunner Polyantha, bright pink on yellow, edged clear pink, 1941, 'Cécile Brunner' sport; Howard Rose Co.
[ed. note:The rose sold as Bloomfield Abundance appears to be this].
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 250.
Spray Cécile Brunner Polyantha. Howard Rose Co., 1941. Sport of 'Mlle Cécile Brunner'. [Author cites information from different sources.]
Book (1988) Page(s) 52.
'Bloomfield Abundance' is also known as Spray Cécile Brunner
Book (1982) Page(s) 28.
Leonie Bell. The Real Cecile Brunner.....
Magazine (1965) Page(s) 280.
Concerning Rosa 'Cecile Brunner' some nurseries still list this rose though it is more difficult to obtain through the trade than a few years ago. However there is one point to watch. Some nurseries are supplying Rosa 'Bloomfield Abundance' in error. In the Waikato area I noted plants of R. 'Bloomfield Abundance' with nursery labels 'Cecile Brunner'. A few authorities say R. 'Bloomfield Abundance' is a sport of R. 'Cecile Brunner' but ' Modern Roses 6' and the Royal National Rose Society's latest edition of 'Roses — a Selected List of Varieties' consider it to be a separate cultivar in its own right.
NB: It is likely that the rose referred to as 'Bloomfield Abundance' here was actually Spray Cecile Brunner.