'Austrian Copper' rose References
Book (1993) Page(s) 65. Includes photo(s).
[Listed under "Wild Roses and Their Cultivars"] ('Austrian Copper', Rosa foetida bicolor) The flowers are yellow in bud and on the reverse, and intense red when open. Grown in Arab countries at least since the 12th century.
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 168-169.
Rosa foetida 'Bicolor' ('Austrian Copper', 'Capucine', 'Comtesse', 'Cuivré', 'Eglanteria Punicea', 'Punicea', 'Rosier d'Austriche', 'Rosier-Ponceau') Gerard 1596. The author cites information from many different sources... Copper-red and golden yellow... coppery red on the inside and vivid yellow on the outside of the petals... This rose is always sterile and, considering that as well as the mixed color of the blossom, many botanists have come to the conclusion that it is a hybrid between R. foetida and another, red-flowered species... As to the Capucine Rose, it is called Bicolor is allusion to its two colors yellow and red it's also called 'd'Autriche' [i.e., "From Austria"] -- nobody really knows why. The main stems and leaves of the Capucine Rose much resemble those of the Yellow Rose but its blossoms are larger, and its petals more deeply cut at the tips... The flowers... are single, a light yellow within, and a copper tending towards purple without; their smell is not agreeable; they fade easily. The Capucine Rose requires a northern exposure... the Capucine Briar being very early... gives fewer opportunities than others [i.e., for breeding experiments]... It gives little seed, and rarely... If you look for the date the Capucine was first known, you won't find it mentioned prior to the 17th century. It wa sonly in 1635 that Cornuti (Canadensium plantarum historia) described a rose to which he gave the name punicea. According to the botanist, this rose is much besought for the elegance of its coloration; on the exterior, its petals are saffrony, and, on the interior, poppy-red... was known to the poets and ancient agronomes Virgil, Horace, and Columella... In 1640, Parkinson (Theatricum Botanicum, p. 1018) illustrates and describes the same plant under the name Rosa sylvestris austriaca flore phoeniceo, to which he gives the synonym The Vermilion Rose of Austria...
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 171.
'Poppy Rose', a synonym for 'Capucine'
Book (Aug 1990) Page(s) 53, 57. Includes photo(s).
p. 53: [Photo] 'Austrian Copper' (sport of R. foetida; introduced before 1590)... Intense orange-red flowers with yellow centers and yellow on the reverse of the petals. Flowers often sport back to the pure yellow form...
p. 57: R. foetida bicolor is a sport of R. foetida... discovered growing in Europe in the 1500s. It has striking flowers -- intense orange-red with yellow centers and yellow on the reverse of the petals... Its flowers often sport back to the pure yellow form...
Book (1988) Page(s) 13.
Described by one enthusiast as giving 'a blaze like one of Turner's sunsets'.
Article (magazine) (1988) Page(s) 74.
...the early research of Arisumi and Marshall had already shown the existence [of Peonin] in many wild roses, so also in R. foetida bicolor (Kapuzinerrose), which we can confirm.
Book (1988) Page(s) 150.
location 171/1+2, 171a; R. foetida Herrm. var. bicolor (Jacq.) Willmott, AUSTRIAN COPPER ROSE, PIMPINELLIFOLIAE, before 1590, orange-red, reverse yellow, single, medium size, unpleasant fragrance, solitary, bushy, arching, long canes, 2 m, not very branched, dark green medium size matte foliage, 5-7 leaflets
Book (1988) Page(s) 15. Includes photo(s).
Article (misc) (1985)
Walter Schowalter - Alberta, Canada notes:
Austrian Copper - R. foetida bicolor - Grows to 7 feet, reasonably hardy. Single bright orange, very startling. Most people love it, but I think it swears at everything else, and should be planted by itself. Blooms once, sets seed. I have seen no black spot.
Book (2 Jan 1984) Page(s) 27. Includes photo(s).