'R. gallica centifolia' rose Description
Photo courtesy of May Johnson
Light pink, medium pink Centifolia.Registration name: Cabbage Rose
Pink. [Light pink.] Strong fragrance. Medium, very double bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer.
Bushy, well-branched. Large, semi-glossy foliage. 5 to 7 leaflets.
Height of 5' to 6' 11" (150 to 210 cm). Width of up to 5' (up to 150 cm).
'Common Provence' and 'Cabbage Provence' seem to have been distinct varieties.
Rosa centifolia seems to bloom in flushes throughout the year in temperate climates - see References.
The thirteenth-century agricultural and horticultural manual, Āsār va aḥyā' by Rashid al-din Fadl-allāh Hamadānī (1247?-1318), mentions varieties with one hundred and even two hundred petals. The earliest mention of R. centifolia seems to be in Zoroastrian religious writings of the VIIIth century or earlier.