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'Rosa damascena Mill.' rose Description
'<i>Rosa damascena</i> Mill.' rose photo
Photo courtesy of jedmar
Availability:
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
70 favorite votes.  
ARS:
Medium pink Damask.
Registration name: Summer Damask
Exhibition name: R. calendarum
Origin:
Bred by Unknown (before 1560).
Class:
Damask.  
Bloom:
Pink.  Strong, damask fragrance.  Medium, semi-double to double, borne mostly solitary, in small clusters bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  Long sepals buds.  
Habit:
Arching, armed with thorns / prickles, bushy, spreading.  Dark green foliage.  5 leaflets.  
Height of 5' (150 cm).  
Growing:
USDA zone 4b through 9b.  Can be used for cut flower, garden or hedge.  Remove old canes and dead or diseased wood..  Prune after flowering is finished.  
Ploidy:
Tetraploid
Notes:
Rosa x damascena Mill. Gard. dict. ed. 8. Rose no.15: 1768.
Recent research in Japan indicates that both summer and autumn damask roses originated with (R. moschata X R. gallica) X R. fedtschenkoana. Gene, Vol. 259, Issues 1-2, 23 December 2000, Pages 53-59.
[This rose is growing at the San Jose Heritage Rose Garden. They say it may be the same as 'Autumn Damask'. The breeder is listed as Jamain and the date 1870.]
Rosa belgica Mill. is today seen as a synonym of Rosa x damascena Mill. However, the descriptions of Miller are quite different re habit, number of leaflets, fragrance, sepals, bloom form. It is possible Belgica was actually a hybrid damask. Modern Roses says it was a alba-canina hybrid.
 
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