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Lee & Kennedy / Vineyard Nursery Hammersmith

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Reference only rose nursery   Listing last updated on 09 Jul 2020.
London, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
… internet contact information
James Lee (1715 Selkirk - July 25, 1795 Hammersmith, Middx.)
Lewis Kennedy (c. 1721-1782)
James Lee (1754 - June 10, 1824), son of James Lee
John Kennedy (October 340, 1759 Hammersmith, Middx. - February 18, 1842 Eltham, Kent), son of Lewis Kennedy
John Lee (c. 1805 - January 20, 1899 Kensington, London), son of the above
Charles Lee (February 8, 1808 Hammersmith - September 2, 1881 Hounslow, Middx.), brother of John Lee

[From The Gardener's Magazine, 1828, p. 352:] Lee's Nursery..The plantation of standard roses at the entrance of this nursery, correctly placed in regard to distance from each other, height, &c., and most scientifically pruned, produces an excellent first impression.

[From The history and antiquities of the parish of Hammersmith, by Thomas Faulkner, 1839, p. 42-43:] Lee's Nursery is situate on the north side of the Great Western road, and near Hammersmith turnpike. Mr. James Lee, who established this nursery, was born at Selkirk, in 1715. When he first came to London, he was employed at Syon, and afterwards at Whitton, by the Duke of Argyle. About the year 1760, he entered into partnership with Mr. Lewis Kennedy, gardener to Lord Bolton, at Chiswick, and commenced a nursery in what was called the Vineyard, at Hammersmith. About the middle of the last century, this vineyard produced annually a considerable quantity of Burgundy wine. A thatched house was built in the grounds, the upper part was used as a dwelling house, and for selling the wine, and underneath were the wine cellars. This house was formerly occupied by Worlidge, the celebrated engraver, and here he executed the most valuable and admired of his works. Mr. Lee was patronized by the Earl of Islay, afterwards Duke of Argyle, the planter of Whitton, who died in 1761, and other noblemen; he corresponded with Linnaeus, and composed an "Introduction to Botany," according to his system, published in 1760, which for many years was in the highest repute. He died in the year 1795, at the age of eighty years; his partner, Mr. Kennedy, having died previously, the nursery was carried on by the sons of the two founders, till 1818, when they dissolved partnership. It then became the sole property of James Lee, the second, who died in 1827, leaving it to his family, and it is now (1838) carried on by his son John. For many years this nursery was deservedly considered the first in the world. Besides an extensive correspondence, and a vigilant attention to procure every new plant as soon as it was introduced by others, Messrs. Lee and Kennedy introduced many plants into the country, through collectors whom they had sent abroad, and through foreign botanists. They maintained a collector in America, who sent home several new oaks; and, in partnership with the Empress Josephine, one at the Cape of Good Hope, who sent home many new ericas, ixias, and other Cape plants. They had also a collector in South America, who sent home fusia coccinea, by which they made a considerable sum of money, selling it for some time at a guinea a plant. They also had the first China rose, in 1787, of which they made a large sum. The extent of this nursery has been somewhat curtailed, by the approach of London, but it still contains an excellent collection, some fine specimens of magnolias, asiminas, crategusus, pyrus sorbus and other foreign trees and shrubs, and is conducted with the greatest liberality,"

[From History of European Botanical Discoveries in China, 1898, by Emil Bretschneider, p. 220-221:] Lee and Kennedy, nursery of exotic plants at Hammersmith, an old firm, in the last and present century. In Britt. & Boulg. Biogr. Index we find:
Lee, James, of Hammersmith, 1715-95, gardener at syon and Whatton, nurseryman, circa 1745, with Kennedy at Hammersmith.
Kennedy, Lewis, flourished 1775-1818, nurseryman of the Vineyard, Hammersmith. Father in law of H.C. Andrews (Botan. Repository).

[From James Lee and the Vineyard Nursery, Hammersmith, by Eleanor Joan Willson, 1961, p. 55:] John Kennedy sold his share in the Vineyard Nursery, which by that time included grounds in Kensington, Feltham, Stanwell and Bedfont...

[From Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists, by Ray Desmond, 1994, p. 396:]
KENNEDY, Lewis (c. 1721-1782)
Partner of James Lee (1715-1795) at Vineyard Nursery, Hammersmith, Middy. c. 1745. Designed grounds of Croxdale Hall, Durham and Callaly Castle, Nothumberland.
KENNEDY, John (1759-1842) b. Hammersmith, Middx 30 Oct. 1759 d. Eltham, Kent 18 Feb. 1842
Son of Lewis Kennedy (c. 1721-1782). Entered into partnership with James Lee (1715-1795) at Vineyard Nursery, Hammersmith. Sold his share in the nursery in 1818 and retired to Eltham. Advised Emprwess josephine on her garden at Malmaison for which he also provided plants.

[From Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists, by Ray Desmond, 1994, p. 421:] LEE, James (1715-1795) b. Selkirk 1715 d. Hammersmith, Middx 25 July 1795
Gardener at Syon House, Middy and to Duke Argyll at Whitton, Middx. Partner with L. Kennedy in Vineyard Nursery, Hammersmith ca. 1745. Had plant collectors in America and at the Cape.
LEE James (1754-1824) d. 10 June 124.
Son of J. Lee (1715-1795). Partner in Lee and Kennedy's Vineyard Nursery, Hammersmith until 1818; alone 1818-24; left property to his 2nd wife Eliza and his sons John, Charles and James Lee.
LEE, John (c. 1805-1899) d. Kensington, London 20 Jan. 1899. In partnership with his brother Charles in nursery in Hammersmith. Retireed in 1877 when his nephew joined the firm; returned in 1881 after the death of Charles.
Son of J. Lee (1715-1824)
LEE, Charles (1808-1881) b. Hammersmith, Middx. 8 Feb 1808 d. Hounslow, Middx 2 Sept 1881
Son of J. Lee (1754-1824). In 1827 joined his brother John as partner in nursery at Hammersmith.

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