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'Butterfly Rose' References
Website/Catalog  (Jun 1998)  Page(s) 32.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (1998)  Page(s) 139-140.  
Rosa chinensis 'Tipo Ideale'    c. 1920
syn. R. mutabilis Correvon, R. chinensis 'Mutabilis'; R. x odorata 'Mutabilis'
'This was found in the Garden of a distinguished Horticulturist (who is responsible for the name)' (Newry roses 1928-1929).
Thomas Smith marketed 'Tipo Ideale', described in 1921 by Lady Moore as having 'bright pink (blooms) with crimson shadows'-
'A little further up the path on a trellis of Larch poles a single climbing rose of unusual colour and shape is flourishing. Some years ago Lady Ross saw this remarkable rose in a small market garden ... in Italy and wisely brought home a plant. ... the flowers are not the usual cupped shape, but flattened with undulating petals something like rose 'Anemone', but flatter. The stems are very slender with delicately shaped leaves. It is flowering so freely one wondered where the cuttings so generously promised by Sir John Ross were to come from, but they have arrived. The name of this delightful rose is R. Tipo Ideale.'
'Tipo Ideale' had been 'discovered' by Lady Ross-of-Bladensburg growing in Baveno on the shores of Lago Maggiore in northern Italy, not far from Isola Bella, the famous residence of Prince Gilberto Borromeo. The prince evidently knew this rose, although then misnamed Rosa turca or Rosa turkestanica, because about 1895 he presented a plant to Henri Correvon, the Swiss gardener who, coincidentally praised Daisy Hill Nursery for its unequalled collections. Daisy Hill Nursery propagated it, and as eraly as 1929-1930 it was listed in the rose catalogue (see Thomas, A Garden of Roses, 62 (1987), who noted that as 'Mutabilis' this rose reached Britain in 1916). Eventually this lovely rose was identified as a cultivar of the China rose, Rosa chinensis, and today bears the name 'Mutabilis' (now (1997) listed in The RHS Plant Finder as R. x odorata 'Mutabilis') which Henri Correvon gave it ('Rosa mutabilis Corr.', Revue horticole n.s. 24: 60-61 (1934)), evidently not knowing that it already had a name.
For help in ascertaining the history of 'Tipo Ideale', I am grateful to Dr Cammarano Umberto, Borgomanero, Italy.
A stock plant of 'Tipo Ideale' was kept in a glasshouse at Daisy Hill, and it was known to the staff as the penny-farthing rose, but this nickname cannot now be explained (P.McCann, pers. comm.).
refs: Newry roses no 121: 19 (1928-1929); Moore, 'Roses at Rostrevor House', Irish Gardening 16: 97-98 (1921).
awards: AGM
PF [RHS Plant Finder] 1997 (as R. x odorata 'Mutabilis'): propagate vegetatively, by cuttings or grafting.
Book  (1996)  Page(s) 20.  Includes photo(s).
Mutabilis (R. chinensis mutabilis, 'Tipo Ideale') China shrub or climber... The five-petalled flowers change colour in an amazing way, from light yellow to pink to slate purple... The name 'Mutabilis', the Latin word for 'changeable', is said to have been given to this rose by the Swiss gardener Henri Correvon, who received it as a gift from Italy in the 1890s...
Magazine  (1996)  Page(s) 111.  
...(The prince evidently knew this rose, although then misnamed Rosa turca or Rosa turkestanica, because about 1895 he presented a plant to Henri Correvon, the Swiss gardener who, coincidentally, praised Daisy Hill Nursery for its unequalled collections.)
Book  (1995)  Page(s) 43.  
Grows at Sissinghurst.
Book  (Nov 1994)  Page(s) 127.  
...E. A. Bunyard mentioned a portrait of it by Redouté in the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, but this portrait is the Centifolia Rose 'Unique Blanche', which is also called 'Mutabilis'. It is sometimes called Rosa 'Turkestanica', which is a rose in the Pimpinellifolia section, and quite distinct.
Book  (Nov 1993)  Page(s) 27.  
China. Nearly always in flower, it is sometimes known as the 'Butterfly Rose' because of the almost fluttering effect of its single flowers, which range in colour from yellow through a coppery pink to crimson.
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 297.  Includes photo(s).
Mutabilis (Rosa chinensis mutabilis, 'Tipo Ideale') China. Description. It was introduced by Henri Correvon, the Swiss botanist, in 1932, having been presented to him by Prince Borromeo forty years before... it covers itself with sprays of single blooms like butterflies. They open Tea Rose yellow but pass to pink, carmine and crimson. Parentage unknown
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 403.  
China (OGR), yellow blend, (R. chinensis mutabilis (Correvon) Rehder; R. mutabilis Correvon; 'Tipo Ideale'); Prior to 1894. Flowers sulphur-yellow, chaning to orange, red and finally crimson, about 2 in. diam; Erronesouly identified with the 'Mutabilis' (a Centifolia) painted by Redouté.
Book  (Feb 1993)  Page(s) 93.  Includes photo(s).
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