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'Reina Elisenda' rose References
Book  (1971)  Page(s) 45.  
The gene for true orange was not in any rose... and now there are several oranges and orange scarlets because of the mutation that gave Kordes' 'Independence'...
Book  (1957)  Page(s) 90.  
Kordes Sondermeldung, 1950, brick-red, double, 60cm.
Book  (1955)  Page(s) 22.  
Harry H. Hazlewood. Some New Roses for 1955. 
Kordes' Sondermeldung (Kordes, 1950): Registered as 'Independence' in England and America, is a vigorous grower with large double orange-scarlet blooms borne above glossy foliage. It is a particularly attractive colour which stands our Australian heat very well. It is winning friends in many directions.
Book  (1955)  Page(s) 111.  
'Independence' (Kordes Sondermeldung). A polyantha-hybrid with the floral character of a tea-hybrid. The large, well-formed blooms are set singly, either several together or in large clusters. The plant is healthy and hardy, blooms continuously, and its colouring looks like velvet in the sun. Excellent in the garden, for decoration or for forcing. Will certainly be in widespread cultivation in coming years. Moderately fragrant. Tall.
Article (misc)  (1954)  Page(s) 49.  
Kordes' Sondermeldung 28 chromosomes.
Book  (1953)  Page(s) 66.  
Independence - 28
Website/Catalog  (1953)  Page(s) 10.  
Novelty Roses 1952. Kordes' Sondermeldung (Hyb. Poly. Kordes 1950) Large for the type, shapely double blooms in clusters of 10 to 15. The colour is an unusual shade of orange scarlet, which is particularly vivid even in hot weather. Vigorous growth and healthy foliage. The name could be translated as "Kordes' Startling Release." Really sensational. Registered in Britain and U.S.A. as 'Independence'.  10/6 each.
Book  (1952)  Page(s) 18.  
Harry H. Hazlewood.  The New Roses of 1952. ‚ÄčHybrid Polyantha.  Kordes' Sondermeldung (Kordes, 1950). This is the sensation of this type of rose in more ways than one. In the first place, it indicates the need for a uniform system of classification. The raiser lists and describes it as a Floribunda (‘Baby Chateau’ x ‘Crimson Glory’) as the Hybrid Polyantha sorts are often called. The National Rose Society, however, feature it as a H.T., while the American Rose Society follows the originator's classification. The individual blooms are of perfect shape and very large (3 inch across and 30 petals) for a cluster type. The colour is a most unusual shade, variously termed spectrum red, orange scarlet and not unlike the shade found in ‘Geranium Red’. The growth is good with splendid healthy glossy foliage. The blooms stand hot weather particularly well. The young plants set seed readily so the variety should be valuable to hybridists. It will soon become a favourite for garden lovers.  
The gravest claim to sensation lies in the way the name has been juggled, altered and realtered by various organisations. This variety was sent to Bagatelle before the last war started. In 1943 it was awarded a Gold Medal at that Trial Ground under the name of ‘Sondermeldung’. On the grounds of priority it is entitled to this name which might readily be translated (for purposes of understanding) as "Startling Release". It was exhibited at the Summer Show in England under the false name of ‘Cinnabar’ and was awarded a Gold Medal under that name. When the details were discovered the name ‘Cinnabar’ was cancelled as incorrect. To make it still more farcical, ‘Cinnabar’, in U.S.A., is the false name for ‘Tantau’s Triumph’. With much of the above information the N.R.S., and A.R.S., have registered this variety as ‘Independence’, well knowing it is listed and known in Germany under its earliest name. (One English horticultural writer has already confused it with the old ‘Independence Day’.) Truly a mad world, even in rose names. It is sometimes urged that some names are too difficult or impossible or retard the sale of plants by mercenary traders. The continental reaction is "if you don't like the name, don't grow the rose." It may also be urged that the originator agrees to the change of name, but those who use this argument omit to point out the war impoverished conditions of many of our leading hybridists who have to sink national love of their land and language under pressure from those who callously take advantage of their misfortunes.
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