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'Rosa X arnoldiana Sarg.' rose References
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 29.  
Arnold Hybrid Rugosa, scarlet, single, 1893, ('Arnoldiana'); R. rugosa x 'Général Jacqueminot'; Dawson. Description.
Book  (Aug 1990)  Page(s) 52.  
'Arnold', one of the first hybrid rugosas developed, has single, deep red flowers.
Book  (1990)  Page(s) 27.  Includes photo(s).
Arnoldiana Species (the 'Arnold Rose') 1914... parentage: R. borboniana x R. rugosa... crimson-purple...
Book  (1958)  Page(s) 17.  
Arnold. S. (Dawson; int. Eastern Nurs., 1893.) R. rugosa X Gén. Jacqueminot. Single, scarlet. Vig.; sometimes recurrent bloom.

Arnoldiana. Collective name for hybrids of Bourbon Rose X R. rugosa.
Book  (1940)  Page(s) 12.  
Arnold Hybrid Rugosa. (Dawson; introduced by Eastern Nursery 1893)... scarlet...
Book  (1936)  Page(s) 36.  
Arnold (hybrid rugosa) Dawson 1914; R. rug. X G. Jacqueminot; glowing scarlet, large, single, floriferous, continuous bloom with interruptions, beautiful dark green foliage, growth 6/10. =D.'s Hybrid Rugosa.
Magazine  (24 Jun 1932)  Page(s) 32-3.  
Rosa rugosa and its hybrids.
...It would seem as though many of these Rugosa hybrids might be useful in producing new varieties of hardy roses. [...] For the convenience of those amateurs who are doing breeding work with roses, the pollen of the hybrids in the Arboretum's collection has been examined in the Cytological Laboratory.  In the following discussion the percentage of fertile pollen, as determined by microscopical examination, is reported for each hybrid where buds were available for study.
Arnoldiana (R. rugosa X R. borboniana "General Jacqueminot").
Pollen nearly all sterile.
This was another of the hybrids produced by Jackson Dawson.  The flowers are single and of a brilliant shade of crimson.  The bush is a very vigorous grower.
Book  (1929)  Page(s) 24.  
Rosa rugosa. Height 6 feet. A trifle exotic in appearance because of its rough, dark green, shiny fohage. Stems are thickly covered with gray prickles. Flowers large, single, in some seedlings an ugly shade of rose, followed by large orange or red haws. The hybrids of this rose are better in flower and foliage and look less exotic, particularly Mme. Georges Bruant and Arnoldiana
Website/Catalog  (1929)  Page(s) 64.  
Shrub Roses
Arnold. (Dawson, 1893.) Medium-sized single blooms of glowing scarlet-red. The plant is very strong, with foliage less wrinkled than the type.
A profusely flowering, very valuable shrub. Scant or no bloom late in the season but very handsome in May and June.
Magazine  (25 Jun 1927)  Page(s) 52.  
Rugosa Hybrid Roses have a great future before them in the colder parts of New England since they combine great hardiness with handsome blossoms. The hardiness they get from the parent R. rugosa, a very old inhabitant of gardens, native of the northeast Asia littoral and abundant in Japan, where it is known as the Sea-tomato from the size and color of its fruits. Being a maritime plant it has special use for seashore gardens, and this combined with its hardiness give it a field of wide usefulness. Two Hybrid Rugosa Roses were raised in the Arboretum by the late Jackson Dawson. One, named Lady Duncan, obtained by crossing R. rugosa with R. Wichuraiana, is of trailing habit with glowing rose-pink blossoms. Another is R. arnoldiana, whose parents were R. rugosa and the Rose General Jacqueminot. The Arnold Rose is a bush with erect stems, good foliage, and large, rich red, single flowers.
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