'Memorial Rose' References
Book (Jul 1938) Page(s) 91.
R. Wichuraiana, Wichurian Rose, Memorial Rose of Japan. - Tender trailer or climber. The parent of a number of climbing roses which are too tender for Alberta.
Book (1937) Page(s) 77-79.
...[Barbiers'] fame rests mainly on large-flowering hardy climbers. Albéric Barbier, Albertine, François Juranville, Jacotte, Leontine Gervais, Primrose (in France, Primevère). I am told that the Barbiers took their inspiration from a trip made by one of them to America in 1900 when he visited M. H. Horvath in Ohio, reputed to be one of the first to hybridize the Chinese creeping species, R. wichuraiana. Anyone familiar with hardy climbers mayhave noticed the difference between the above-named Barbier varieties and climbers from other sources. The Barbier strain has neavy pithy canes, wood purplish red, and foliage highly varnished. But it is not altogether as hardy as many others. In 1925 I inquired from the Barbiers about hardiness and one of the brothers confided that the type of Wichuraiana they were using was its upright ally, R. luciae. I went to the Vilmorin arboretum near Paris, where the largest collection of rose species is to be found in France. Jacques de Vilmorin showed me both R. luciae and R. wichuraiana and told me the following story, which was later confirmed by the deceased E. H. Wilson: When Dr Wichura came back from Japan and reported to James Veitch, of England, the curious creeping rose he had seen there, Veitch sent a mission to bring that rose to England. He named it R. wichuraiana in honor of its discoverer. Several years later Dr Wichura, visiting Veitch's nursery, was shown "his rose" but at once declared that it was not the rose he had seen.
Veitch sent a second mission to Japan, which located the true Wichura type as we know it. In the meantime, the first species had become known as R. wichuraiana. It was then renamed "R. wichuraiana, variety Luciae" because of the brilliant scarlet color of the foliage flaming in the autumn light (in Latin, "lux"). In course of time the word "wichuraiana" was dropped in its connection and the species is now plain R. luciae. I have that species in my collection, and whoever sees it recognizes in it at once the characters of Barbiers' strain. But it is not quite as hardy as the creeping form of R. wichuraiana....
R. wichuraiana itself is not extremely hardy but has acquired that reputation because, growing close to the ground, it is naturally covered in winter by leaves and snow. When trained upright, it will freeze at a temperature above zero. It is a mistake to hybridize for hardiness on Wichuraiana species.
Book (1937) Page(s) 80.
Wichuraiana Crép. (Synst. Asiatic) (bad pollen) [ploidy] 14
Wichuraiana Koidz. (synonym of Wichuraiana Crép. in the connection: Luciae var. Wichuraiana Koidz.)
Book (1936) Page(s) 756.
R. Wichuraiana (synstylae) Crépin 1887; pure White, 4 cm, single, in Clusters of 5-15, late-blooming, fragrance 5/10, few prickles, 7-9 small, rounded leaflets, dense, very glossy, dark green, slim branches, growth 8/10, climbing, 5 m., creping. - Introduced by the German traveller Wichura from Japan in 1860 and initially distributed as R. bracteata by Späth-Berlin. Manda in S. Orange, USA bred the first hybrids. Ancestor of the Wich.-Class. Sangerhausen
Book (1934) Page(s) 345.
Wichuraiana (species).- The wichuraiana rambler; White with yellow anthers; very vigorous; creeping; prune lightly; late summer flowering, fragrant.
Book (1933) Page(s) 64.
R. wichuraiana - Central China. A rampant ground hugging species, with small white blooms in midsummer. Foliage very glossy and almost evergreen in the South. The ancestor of most of our modern hardy climbers.
Website/Catalog (1925) Page(s) 20.
Wichuraiana (Memorial Rose).—A perfect trailer with dense dark glossy green foliage and single pure white flowers.
Website/Catalog (1917) Page(s) 42.
Hardy Climbing and Trailing Roses
Wichuraiana (Memorial Rose). — A perfect trailer, hugging the ground closely. It grows from ten to fifteen feet in a season, and is densely furnished with dark green, glossy foliage. The flowers are single, pure white, with bright golden yellow stamens and with the Banksia Rose fragrance.
Website/Catalog (1917) Page(s) 11.
Rosa Wichuraiana, Memorial Rose single white, 3 to 4 ft....$ .15
Website/Catalog (1917) Page(s) 13.
Rosa Wichuraiana Memorial Rose single white, 3 to 4 ft., extra heavy...10 $ 1.50, 100 $ 12.00