'Rose Edouard' rose References
Book (1996) Page(s) 118-119.
Edward Rose (Rosa Edouard)
Varities: Deshi, Cheenia and Kaithal
Cheenia and Deshi are also called Baramasi which means bearing flowers throughout the year. The Cheenia gulab of Kanauj has purpke flowers with fragrance stronger than that of other cultivars of the Edward rose. The popularity of the cultivars of the Edward rose lies in that they flower for 10 months in N. India and throughout the year in the Southern States. Previously the Edward rose was used as rootstock for bud grafting. Nowadays it is mostly replaced by R. indica (cv Odorata). The flowers of E. rose are mainly used for making rose water, rose recipes and hair oils. They are also used in Ayurvedic drugs and cold drinks (Thandai). As a cut flower E. rose is used in making garlands and offering to deities in temples.
In south India the E. rose is popularly known as Rajapoo (in Tamil). In a number of places of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka the E. rose is grown for producing rose water. Tanjore being the largest centre of manufacturing rose water in the South.
The agro-technique as recommended for the Damask rose can be followed for the Edward rose. But it should be borne in mind that it needs more manure and fertilizer than any other rose...
The Edward rose blooms longer than the Damask rose. Besides the proper season (March-April) its flowering occurs for the second and the third times during monsoon (July-August) and autumn (October-November). In winter buds appear but do not open. In Peninsular India winter is not strong; for this reason the E. rose blooms there throughout the year.
The experiments at HBTI, Kanpur have proved that the quality of Otto produced from our roses (Bussorah and Edward) is not inferior to that of Bulgaria.
Book (Nov 1994) Page(s) 131.
The name Bourbon was given to the race because the first plant was a chance seedling found on the Île de Bourbon (Île de Réunion) in 1817, growing in close proximity to both its parents. It became known as 'Rose Edward'
in the adjacent island of Mauritius. Seeds were sent to Paris and presumably the best one raised was called 'Le Rosier de l'Île Bourbon'
... In its second generation it was named and distributed in France around 1823, reaching England about two years later.
Book (Jun 1992) Page(s) 102.
Rose Edouard ('Rose Neumann', 'Rose Dubreuil') Bourbon. Perichon/Neumann, 1821. From the red 'Tous-les-Mois' (DP) x R. chinensis 'Parson's Pink'. The author cites information from different sources and sorts out the confusion around this and other roses similarly named [see Source]... 'Rose Edouard' is the plant, or clones of the plant, found by Mons Perichon among his hedgelings that fateful day on the Îsle Bourbon. Cuttings of this were imported to France by Mons Neumann... Bright pink, shaded... The name 'Rose Edouard' (in remembrance of Mons Edouard Perichon, late settler)...
Book (1988) Page(s) 125. Dr. Pal
considers roses most suitable for perfume today  are 'Bussora'
and 'Rose Edouard', while 'Gruss an Teplitz'
, a crimson rose of China derivation, has been used for experimental purposes.
Book (1988) Page(s) 124.
...along borders' advised G. Speede in his Indian handbook of Gardening (Calcutta, 1841). This has a list of eight headed by the 'Madras' or 'Rose Edouard' ('v. common, no garden without it'): a cause of some contention, there being the West-recognised rose from the Ïle Bourbon of the same name. B.S. Bhatcharji, in Rose Growing in the Tropics (1935, 1959), wisely says........whether 'Edouard Rose'....
Book (1983) Page(s) 5.
R. bourboniana Desportes (Bourbon Rose, Edward Rose) Hindi— Cheenia gulab, desigulab, baramasi An upright shrub with prickly and often glandular-hispid stems, up to 2.5 m in height. Leaflets usually 7, lustrous above but pubescent ...
Book (1981) Page(s) 72-75.
R. chinensis Jacq......The westward spread of the China roses must have begun at a comparatively early date, for they seem to have been common in the gardens of India when the sub-continent started to be botanised toward the end of the 18th century. But it is doubtful if the China roses were ever quite so much at home in Bengal as the French rosarian Boitard suggests in his Manuel Complete (1836): 'Le féroce tigre du Bengale, le hideux crocodile du Gange, se cachent quelquefois , pour attendre leur proie, dans les touffes épaisses du Rosier Toujours Fleuri.' By the time British forces seized Mauritius from the French in 1810 several sorts of China roses were established in the gardens there, and were probably introduced in the time of Pierre Poivre, who established a famous collection of Far Eastern plants on the island between 1767 and 1773......
Through two lines of descent the Pink China is an ancestor of most modern garden roses. Crossed in South Carolina with R. moschata, it gave rise to 'Champney's Pink Cluster'....from which all the Noisettes and Tea roses descend. The second of its ancestral hybrids also arose outside Europe, on the Ile de Bourbon (Réunion), where sometime early in the 19th century it became hybridised with an Autumn Damask, giving rise to the race of Bourbon roses, from which, through the Hybrid Perpetuals, most modern garden roses descend...... It cannot be certain whether in either case it was 'Parsons' Pink' that was involved, as is usually assumed. A Pink China could have reached America at the same time as R. laevigata, by direct import from the Far East, while Réunion in likely to have had the same garden flora as Mauritius, which certainly did not owe its China roses to import from Britain....
p20. B. P. Pal, Ph.D (Cantab), F.R.S., President Emeritus, The Rose Society of India.
Some Notes on Rose Edouard......in Hindi it is known as 'Cheenia', 'Baramasi' ( = perpetual flowering) or 'Desi Gulab' (= indigenous rose).....
p105. Dr. A. S. Thomas. Last year I wrote only of cultivars seen overseas during 1973. One of these was seen frequently on flower stalls outside Hindu temples in India and in an hotel garden at Udaipur. It seemed to be known by all as the 'Mogul Temple Rose of Persia' or the 'Temple Rose'. After considerable research and then correspondence with the great Indian authority on roses, Dr. B. P. Pal, I can now identify this rose as 'Rose Edouard'.
Book (1974) Page(s) 61.
Dr. A. S. Thomas. Roses Overseas 1973.
At Udaipur, I saw a very beautiful and obviously old rose which the local people called the 'Mogul Temple Rose of Persia'. The 'Mogul Temple Rose of Persia' is sold outside a great many Hindu temples, especially on Tuesdays and Saturdays (Hindu holy days) as cut flowers or made into garlands.
Book (1973) Page(s) 105.
B. P. Pal. Recent Rose Developments in India.
Perhaps more than the people of the West, Indians crave for fragrance in roses. And by fragrance thery mean the rich damask type. For several generations one of the most widely-grown roses in India has been Rose Edouard which is used not only as an understock but as a source of cut flowers for temple offerings, making garlands, rose water and also a conserve called "gulkand" which is believed to have certain medicinal properties. The flowers of 'Rose Edouard' have a lovely strong fragrance which is not to be found in any hybrid tea rose that I know. 'Gruss an Teplitz' was another popular cultivar.