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'York and Lancaster' rose References
Book  (May 1998)  Page(s) 116-117.  Includes photo(s).
 
R. damascena variegata ('York and Lancaster Rose') Description... Flowers sweetly scented... petals 4-5-seriate, those at the centre cupped and crumpled, most often white, spotted or striped with pink, the same bush often giving all pink and all white blooms. This beautiful cultivar, known in gardens as 'York and Lancaster Rose', 'Striped Four-Seasons Rose' or 'Striped Damask', was propagated by Du Pont who had it from England under the name R. damascena bicolor...
Book  (1997)  Page(s) 174.  
 
York and Lancaster (R. damascena versicolor) Damask. Pre-1551. Description and cultivation... Inconsistent blush-pink and white flowers...
Book  (Nov 1994)  Page(s) 9.  
 
Georg Dionysius Ehret (1708-1770) painted portraits of roses of his time. The original may be seen in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. They include 'York and Lancasteri'
Book  (Nov 1994)  Page(s) 43.  
 
Versicolor A typical tall-growing Damask. Loosely double, blush white and light pink or a combination of both (but never splashed and striped as in 'Rosa Mundi'). Raised prior to 1629.
Book  (Nov 1993)  Page(s) 16.  
 
[The Wars of the Roses ended in 1485] when the marriage of Henry Tudor and Elizabeth of York re-united the two sides [York and Lancaster] and established the House of Tudor. The red and white Tudor Rose 'York and Lancaster', or R. x damascena versicolor, was then adopted as the royal emblem and is still used today.
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 419.  Includes photo(s).
 
York and Lancaster (Rosa damascena versicolor, R. d. variegata) Damask... The houses of York and Lancaster had white and red roses for their emblems in the Wars of the Roses... white flecked with pale pink, the blooms sometimes being all of one color or even half and half, but never striped... [thought to be] the rose described as 'nor red nor white' by Shakepeare in his Ninety-Ninth Sonnet
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 649.  
 
Damask (OGR), pink blend, (R. damascena variegata Thory; R. damascena versicolor Weston; 'York et Lancastre'); Cult. prior to 1629. Flower petals blush white and light pink, sometimes all one color or the other, or mixed (but not striped), loosely double; foliage downy light gray-green; mixed prickles; tall growth. Often confused in rose literature with 'Rosa Mundi'.
Book  (Feb 1993)  Page(s) 56.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 16.  
 
York and Lancaster We must no longer believe that splendid quarrel scene between Richard Plantagenet and the Earl of Somerset in the Temple Garden in Henry VI Part I, when red roses and white were torn from their bushes to serve as badges for the opposing armies of Lancaster and York... it is not history. According to Norman Young, the white rose was the Yorkist badge fifty years before that scene, and the Red Rose of Lancaster was older still by a hundred years. ut after the Wars of the Roses ended, the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York were finally combined in the symbolic red and white Tudor rose.
Book  (1992)  Page(s) 333.  
 
York and Lancaster Flowers: loosely double, 1 1/2- to 2 1/2-inch, white and light pink petals, sometimes all one color or the other, and sometimes mixed in variegated splotches, in clusters. Arching plants from 5 or more feet high. This rose, which has been confused with 'Rosa Mundi', was named to commemorate the end of the Wars of the Roses (1455-1485), although it is not the same rose whose discovery supposedly inspired the truce.
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