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'Common Provence' rose Description
'R. centifolia' rose photo
Photo courtesy of jedmar
Availability:
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
238 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT.  
ARS:
Medium pink Centifolia.
Registration name: Cabbage Rose
Origin:
Bred by Unknown (before 1318).
Introduced in Australia by Darling Nursery in 1851 as 'Centifolia'.
Class:
Centifolia.  
Bloom:
Pink.  Strong, rose fragrance.  Medium to large, very full (41+ petals), borne mostly solitary, in small clusters, nodding or "weak neck" bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  
Habit:
Armed with thorns / prickles, bushy, well-branched.  Large, semi-glossy, medium green foliage.  5 to 7 leaflets.  
Height of 5' to 6' 11" (150 to 210 cm).  Width of up to 5' (up to 150 cm).
Growing:
USDA zone 4b through 9b.  
Ploidy:
Tetraploid
Parentage:
Notes:
'Common Provence' and 'Cabbage Provence' seem to have been distinct varieties.
Rosa centifolia seems to bloom in flushes throughout the year in temperate climates - see References.
The thirteenth-century agricultural and horticultural manual, Āsār va aḥyā' by Rashid al-din Fadl-allāh Hamadānī (1247?-1318), mentions varieties with one hundred and even two hundred petals. The earliest mention of R. centifolia seems to be in Zoroastrian religious writings of the VIIIth century or earlier.
 
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