Luxembourg Gardens/Jardin du Luxembourg (1860)
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Listing last updated on 24 Oct 2023.
Alexandre Hardy (1787-1876), head-gardener at the Jardin du Luxembourg from 1817 to 1859, catalogued the roses growing there from around 1852 to 1860. Francois Joyaux, in La Rose de France, pp. 305-310, lists the Gallica Roses growing in the Luxembourg at that time.
[From The Rose Garden, by William Paul, pp. 59- The most renowned Rosarium in Europe was formerly that of the Jardin du Luxembourg at Paris... I remember seeing there, in the month of June, on my first visit to Paris, a Standard of the Tea 'Princesse Hélène du Luxembourg', of an immense size, with hundreds of its fine flowers in beautiful condition... [Paul provides diagrams of the garden] ... a line of fruit trees [was] originally planted in the borders surrounding the Rose-beds, forming a sort of back-ground... These gardens were enclosed by a kind of fence made of light sticks, which are much used in France for similar purposes. The manner of planting adopted was this: -- The beds were about seven feet wide, and contained two rows. Two plants of each variety, a standard and a dwarf, were planted side by side at distances of about three feet. They were so disposed that every standard had a dwarf behind it, and in consequence every dwarf was backed by a standard... [there were about 1,800 plants]
[From L'Illustration horticole, May 1877, p. 71-72:] M. A. Rivière, jardinier en chef du Jardin du Luxembourg, à Paris, est mort le 14 avril dernier, à l’âge peu avancé de 56 ans. Cette perte sera vivement ressentie par l'horticulture française, où M. RIVIÈRE avait su con-quérir une position importante par son savoir et les services qu'il rendait
chaque jour. Il avait succédé au Luxembourg au vénérable M. Hardy, dont il continuait les traditions comme professeur d'arboriculture, en même temps qu'il se livrait à ses études favorites sur la culture des Orchidées....
[From The Old Rose Advisor, by Brent C. Dickerson, p. 13:] The most splendid collection in France [as of 1848, that is] is that in the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris, which is under the supervision of Monsieur Hardy...