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Lemoine, Victor
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Peony and clematis breeder   Listing last updated on 05 Apr 2020.
Nancy, Lorraine
France
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Victor Lemoine (October 21, 1823 Delme/Lorraine - December 11, 1911 Nancy), French nurseryman. In 1849 he established his nursery in Nancy. He was succeeded by his son Émile Lemoine (1862-1942) and grandson Henri Lemoine (1897-1982). The nursery was closed in 1955.

Beside clematis and peonies, Victor Lemoine bred Syringa, Begonia, Fuchsia and many other ornamental plants.

[From A Manual on the Cultivation and Propagation of Peonies, by C. S. Harrison (ed.), 1907, p. 19:] Importers have found that many plants from France were seriously diseased. Most of those procured from Lemoine, one of the world's greatest propagators, were badly affected.

[From Journal des Roses, January 1912, p. 20:] Nous apprenons avec peine la mort de M. Victor Lemoine, l'habile semeur universellement connu; notre confrère est décédé à Nancy, le 12 décembre dernier, à l'âge de 88 ans. Né à Delme (Meurthe), en octobre 1823, il fit de sérieuses études horticoles et s'établit horticulteur à Nancy, en 1850, croyons-nous. Ce fut lin semeur liabile et consciencieux. Le nombre de variétés de plantes nouvelles qu'il créa est énorme. Il ne s'occupa pas de roses, à notre connaissance, du moins. Mais les variétés de Bégonias, de Glaïeuls, de Montbretia, de Clématites à grandes fleuts, de Pelargonium, de Pivoines, de Philadelphus, de Weigelia, de Ceanothus, de Fuchsias qui naquirent dans ses cultures sont légion et, pour la grande majorité, très méritantes. C'est le créateur des lilas à fleurs doubles, si recherchés actuellement des amateurs, et qui sont aux lilas simples, ce que les roses douilles sont aux fleurs d'églantiers.

[From The Book of the Peony by Alice Harding, 1917, p. 54-55:] "Within the past twenty years, Victor Lemoine of Nancy, who occupies the old Establishment of Crousse, has become one of the world's greatest hybridisers in peonies as well as in other plants. His varieties - the most recent of French introductions - are notable for their distinction of form and colouring in addition to their rare beauty."

[From The Book of the Peony by Alice Harding, 1917, p. 54-55:] Tabulation showing successive owners of noted French collections of peonies:
Comte de Cussy
Calot, 1850-1872
Crousse, 1875-1898
Victor Lemoine, 1898-
now extant at Nancy.

[From Peonies, by Jane Fearnley-Whittingstall, p. 32:] Lemoine crossed P. wittmanniana Chinese varieties to produce early-flowering peonies with large, fragrant single flowers in white, yellow, rose and salmon, with thick, luxuriant leaves such as 'Avant Garde', 'Le Printemps', 'Mai Fleuri' and 'Messagère'.

[From An Abundance of Flowers, by Judith Taylor, 2018, p. 155:] ...More than fifty cultivars by Victor and, later, his son Emile Lemoine are listed in Magnus Robinson's book.
 
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