'Rose du Roi' rose References
Book (1992) Page(s) 66.
('Lee's Crimson Perpetual', 'Rose Lelieur') Portland bush; bright red mottled purple; blooms are of medium size, double; growth bushy, 40 x 30 in (100 x 75 cm); good scent. Important ancestor of Hybrid Perpetuals. Souchet 1812.
Book (1988) Page(s) 16.
Arose from 'The Portland Rose'. Known in Britain as 'Crimson Perpetual'. A sensational fragrant red … it became a parental force behind the large-flowered roses of the 19th century.
Book (1988) Page(s) 43. Includes photo(s).
('du Roi') A Portland-China hybrid raised in France in 1815 by Lelieur. Description. Repeats. This rose and its sport, 'Rose du Roi a Fleur Pourpre' (1819), are said to be important as the forerunners of the Hybrid Perpetuals.
lt is likely that the early rosarians knew nothing of these scientific works, they relied upon a system developed from their own experience. The first hybridizers were French, all from the area arouncl Paris and much influenced by the demands made of them by the Empress Josephine. lt is believed that the ‘Rose du Roi‘, often referred to as the archetype of the Portland Roses, was the first verifiable intentionally-created hybrid. Comte Lelieur, in charge of the Imperial Gardens, including the Luxembourg in Paris, was very interested in roses. He had made some crosses between the Portland Rose (which was certainly available at the Du pont Nurseries in Paris by 1809) and what was probably R. gallica officinalis. The resulting seedling he called ‘Rose Lelieur‘, but the name only Iasted a short time. When Napoleon was exiled to Elba in 1814, Louis XVIII ascended the throne and the Count entered his service. The King expressed the desire to have the rose renamed ‘Rose du Roi‘ in his honor, and this was done. Then, suddenly, Napoleon came back from Elba for the famous 100 days until his final defeat at Waterloo. For this short time the rose had to once more be rechristened, and was known as ‘Rose-de l‘Empereur‘. After Napoleon‘s departure to St. Helena it reverted to ‘Rose du Roi‘. During all this time it had been growing only in the Royal Park at S near Paris, and it was not until 1815 that Souchet made it available commercially. In England it became known as ‘Lee‘s Crimson Perpetual‘.
Book (1981) Page(s) 54.
'Rose du Roi'....
Article (misc) (4 Mar 1950) Page(s) 33.
Rose du Roi ('Lee's Perpetual' or 'Crimson Perpetual') appeared in 1812 and is probably the most important of the [Portland] class as it entered prominently in the development of the hybrid perpetuals; in fact it is occasionally referred to as the first hybrid perpetual...
Website/Catalog (1938) Page(s) 40.
Rose du Roi (Bouchet 1819); purple-red, old faithful variety. Forcing rose.
Book (1936) Page(s) 617.
Roi, Rose du (Portland) Souchet 1819; vivid carmine-purple, violet reflexes, 7 cm., double, expanded, solitary, fragrance 8/10, repeats well, upright stems, many small prickles, light green foliage and branches, growth 6/10, upright, bushy. = Portland Rose; Rose Lelieur; R. paestana. Sangerhausen
Book (1936) Page(s) 182.
Crimson perpetual (Portland) ? ? ; light purple. = du Roi.