"Crenshaw Musk" rose References
Book (Jul 1993) Page(s) 261.
Rosa moschata (the 'Musk Rose') Not, in fact, a wild Species, but a rose of ancient garden origin... one of the original parents of the Noisette Roses... single (sometimes semi-double), creamy-white... It has two important merits: its delicious musk fragrance, and the fact that it does not bloom until August, and then continues until autumn...
Book (1991) Page(s) 18.
R. moschata the plant we grow today is a tall lax shrub which we train on a wall... it produces intensely fragrant flowers, single, of creamy white and borne in large clusters, from late summer onwards...
R. moschata and R. phoenicia belong to the same subsection of the genus in which the scent emanates from the stamens, not from the petals.
Book (1988) Page(s) 13.
R. moschata Tender … a climber, white and scented and valuable to gardeners because it would bloom in August.
Book (1988) Page(s) 160.
location Show garden, R. moschata Herrm., MUSK ROSE, SYNSTYLAE, southern Europe to Himalayas, white, semi-double, good fragrance, medium size, cluster-flowered, floriferous, bushy, arching, 2-3 m, well-branched, medium green large matte-glossy, 7-9 leaflets, greenish red small rounded fruit
Website/Catalog (1985) Page(s) 41.
Rosa moschata. Huge vigorous plant suitable for treeplanting, etc. Fragant, off-white flowers in trusses. Flowering mid-summer. An old, 16th Century rose. P. Shade tolerant. (S) 20 x 10’.
Website/Catalog (1983) Page(s) 37.
Rosa moschata. Huge, vigorous plant suitable for tree climbing etc. Fragrant, off-white flowers in trusses. Flowering mid-summer. An old 16th century rose. Authenticity under review. See Princess of Nassau. P. Shade tolerant. (S) 20 x 10’.
Website/Catalog (1982) Page(s) 34.
Rosa Moschata Huge, vigorous plant suitable for tree climbing , etc. Fragrant, off-white flowers in trusses. Flowering mid-summer. An old c. 16th century rose. T. Shade tolerant. (S) 20 x 10’.
Book (1981) Page(s) 60-61.
[As background, Bean has taken the stand the species in main should be Rosa brunonii Lindl. , whose synonyms include R. moschata Crep. and R. moschata var. nepalensis Lindl. The true Rosa moschata is a related but distinct rose. Bean, after a thorough description of the immense, climbing, once-flowering R. brunonii:
R. moschata J. Herrm. Judging from old description, portraits and herbarium specimens, this species, little known today, differs from R. brunonii in the following respects: it is a tall shrub, scarcely a climber; leaves dark green and smooth above, whitish beneath, glabrous except for the downy midrib, up to no more than 2 in. long and ovate to lanceolate, relatively broader than in R. brunonii, very finely toothed; flowers larger, in lax corymbs, musk-scented, borne from August until the first frosts, the petals somewhat convex, acuminate at the apex..., receptacle covered with fine, appressed hairs, not or only slightly glandular...fruits not often describe, but said ...to be small and ovoid.
R. moschata is not known in the wild in its typical state. It was introduced to Britain in the reign of Henry VIII from Italy. In Germany it was still a novelty in the 1580s, and not entirely hardy....the name Rosa damescena was also used for it, probably from the belief that is was the 'Nesrin' or 'Nefrin' of Arab medical works - a rose grown about Damascus whose flowers were used as a purgative. It was this property, and not the fragrance, that made the Musk rose of interest to the European medical botanists. "The Musk Roses, called in Latin Rosae Moschatae and Damascenae are the small, single, white roses, which blow not till autumn ...the Best and more efficacious are those that grow in the hot countries....Three or four of these Musk Roses being bruised in a Conserve or Infusion, purge briskly, so that sometimes they occasion blood; those of Paris do not work so strong..."
Still a common garden rose in the early part of the 19th century, R. moschata has been displaced by its garden hybrids. Indeed, it was thought to be extinct in this country until Graham Thomas found it growing at Myddelton House, Enfield, once the home of E. A. Bowles, who records in My Garden In Summer (1914) that he had a young plant raised from a cutting brought from The Grange, Bitton [which we learn from Bean was Canon Ellacombe's garden]...it remains rare.
Book (1977) Page(s) 78.
Graham Thomas. Climbing Roses - Old and Modern.
Before continuing with our historical survey let us look a little more closely at R. moschata, the Musk rose of the ancients. In early days, hundreds of years ago, the extract Musk, from the little Musk Deer of Asia, was a much prized fragrance, of piercing sweetness, and the scent of the Musk rose was of similar quality. Here in a slide is a part of a picture of the Madonna and Child being offered by an angel a bowl of two of the sweetest flowers Jasmine and Musk rose. It was painted by Rosselli; he lived in Italy from 1439 to 1507. The Musk rose's petals always recurve like that. It is the only rose pictured by Van Huysuym in the September grouping for his twelve monthly pictures of flowers, painted in the early 18th century.....
Book (Jan 1946) Page(s) 31.
R. moschata, Herrm. The Musk rose. A shrub with arching branches which form a graceful mound wherever it is sufficiently hardy. This was an old favourite and was a parent of our original climbers.