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'Gioia' rose References
Book  (Feb 1993)  Page(s) 204.  Includes photo(s).
Peace Large-flowered hybrid tea. Parentage: [('George Dickson' x 'Souvenir de CLaudius Pernet') x ('Joanna Hill' x 'Charles P. Kilham')] x 'Margaret McGredy'. (aka 'Gioia', 'Gloria Dei', 'Mme. A. Meilland') France 1945. Description and cultivation. Flowers: bright yellow, flushed pinkish-red at the edges...
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 187.  Includes photo(s).
('Peace', 'Mme. A. Meilland', 'Gloria Dei', 'Gioia') The most popular Hybrid Tea of all time with strong, healthy growth. Description. Flowers continuously. Height: 120 cm (4 ft.) Some scent. Includes some of its history and parentage. [When it was released] it immediately became a wild success, both for its name and for its superior vigour and size.
Book  (May 1992)  Page(s) 35.  Includes photo(s).
Peace without doubt is the finest Hybrid Tea ever raised and it will remain a standard variety for ever.
Book  (1992)  Page(s) 29.  Includes photo(s).
Magazine  (1991)  Page(s) 11.  Includes photo(s).
He (François Meilland) named this rose 'Madam A. Meilland' in loving memory of his mother and it is still known by this name in France today.

Widely known as 'Peace', this rose's original name- and thus botanically correct - name is Madam Antoine Meilland
Article (magazine)  (1988)  Page(s) 67.  
'Mme. A. Meilland' has only few pigments, in addition she is variable and always pales somewhat. The reddish sheen is due only to cyanine, and the carotenoids (only 3 mg%) consist of 19% betacarotene, 15% zeaxanthine and to 47% of various epoxydes. In addition relatively high amounts of reduced carotenoids can be detected. I do not doubt that "Madame" has somewhere in her ancestors received something from the characteristics of 'Soleil d'Or', but this influence is not to be found in the amount of carotenoids formed, but more in the ability to still form relatively high amounts of epoxydes.
Book  (1988)  Page(s) 137.  Includes photo(s).
Peace Description.
Book  (1985)  Page(s) 127.  
Peace was introduced in France in 1942 and named 'Mme. A. Meilland' in memory of Claudia [Antoine's wife and Francis' mother]...
Book  (Apr 1984)  Page(s) 8, 32.  
[The story of 'Peace'... the author's father, Francis Meilland, had] managed to get a package of rosebushes on the last plane that left France for the United States. It was addressed to a friend, Robert Pyle, a rose grower in Pennsylvania. We had no news of him from that moment until the end of the war. Father then learned that his friend had cultivated the plants, and that they had produced marvelous flowers. He learned also that Pyle, moved by the drama into which the war had plunged France, and thinking it unfair that the work of the Meillands should not bring its reward, had succeeded in having the rose patented. This was the first rose patent, for the idea did not come from Francis Meilland.
p. 32: [In 1950, George Adams asked Antoine Meilland to recount the story of 'Peace' from the beginning, herewith some highlights of what he had to say, refer to the text for more information:]

In one of my notebooks, I found on the fifteenth of June 1935 a mark indicating my decision to produce this rose. It was assigned the number 3-35-40, which to us means that the combination was the third of the year 1935, that the plant was the fortieth out of the fifty which had been noticed before we grafted some buds of the original plants.

My notes also indicate that thirty-five flowers were fertilized under the same conditions and that from these we obtained fifty-two rose hips whose seeds yielded eight hundred small plants the following year.

The female element of Peace was 'Johanna Hill', while the male element came from a budding stock filled under the number 103-32-A, that is, brought into existence in 1932, and was the product of a cross between 'Charles P. Kilham' and Margareth MacGredy.'
Website/Catalog  (1982)  Page(s) 46.  
Peace This rose is so well known that it really needs no description. Primrose yellow with soft pink shading. Healthy and vigorous. Tall. Meilland 1945.
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