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'Madame A. Meilland' rose References
Book  (Feb 1993)  Page(s) 204.  Includes photo(s).
Peace Large-flowered hybrid tea. Parentage: [('George Dickson' x 'Souvenir de Claudius Pernet') x ('Joanna Hill' x 'Charles P. Kilham')] x 'Margaret McGredy'. (aka 'Gioia', 'Gloria Dei', 'Mme. A. Meilland') France 1945. Description and cultivation. Flowers: bright yellow, flushed pinkish-red at the edges...
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 187.  Includes photo(s).
('Peace', 'Mme. A. Meilland', 'Gloria Dei', 'Gioia') The most popular Hybrid Tea of all time with strong, healthy growth. Description. Flowers continuously. Height: 120 cm (4 ft.) Some scent. Includes some of its history and parentage. [When it was released] it immediately became a wild success, both for its name and for its superior vigour and size.
Book  (May 1992)  Page(s) 35.  Includes photo(s).
Peace without doubt is the finest Hybrid Tea ever raised and it will remain a standard variety for ever.
Book  (1992)  Page(s) 29.  Includes photo(s).
Magazine  (1991)  Page(s) 11.  Includes photo(s).
He (François Meilland) named this rose 'Madam A. Meilland' in loving memory of his mother and it is still known by this name in France today.

Widely known as 'Peace', this rose's original name- and thus botanically correct - name is Madam Antoine Meilland
Website/Catalog  (1988)  Page(s) 44.  Includes photo(s).
Mme A. MEILLAND Très gros bouton globuleux, jaune canari foncé retouché de carmin vif  passant à l'épanouissement au rose carminé transparent. Plante très vigoureuse au beau feuillage vernissé. Hauteur : 60/90 cm.
Article (magazine)  (1988)  Page(s) 67.  
'Mme. A. Meilland' has only few pigments, in addition she is variable and always pales somewhat. The reddish sheen is due only to cyanine, and the carotenoids (only 3 mg%) consist of 19% betacarotene, 15% zeaxanthine and to 47% of various epoxydes. In addition relatively high amounts of reduced carotenoids can be detected. I do not doubt that "Madame" has somewhere in her ancestors received something from the characteristics of 'Soleil d'Or', but this influence is not to be found in the amount of carotenoids formed, but more in the ability to still form relatively high amounts of epoxydes.
Book  (1988)  Page(s) 137.  Includes photo(s).
Peace Description.
Book  (1985)  Page(s) 127.  
Peace was introduced in France in 1942 and named 'Mme. A. Meilland' in memory of Claudia [Antoine's wife and Francis' mother]...
Book  (Apr 1984)  Page(s) 8, 32.  
[The story of 'Peace'... the author's father, Francis Meilland, had] managed to get a package of rosebushes on the last plane that left France for the United States. It was addressed to a friend, Robert Pyle, a rose grower in Pennsylvania. We had no news of him from that moment until the end of the war. Father then learned that his friend had cultivated the plants, and that they had produced marvelous flowers. He learned also that Pyle, moved by the drama into which the war had plunged France, and thinking it unfair that the work of the Meillands should not bring its reward, had succeeded in having the rose patented. This was the first rose patent, for the idea did not come from Francis Meilland.
p. 32: [In 1950, George Adams asked Antoine Meilland to recount the story of 'Peace' from the beginning, herewith some highlights of what he had to say, refer to the text for more information:]
In one of my notebooks, I found on the fifteenth of June 1935 a mark indicating my decision to produce this rose. It was assigned the number 3-35-40, which to us means that the combination was the third of the year 1935, that the plant was the fortieth out of the fifty which had been noticed before we grafted some buds of the original plants.
My notes also indicate that thirty-five flowers were fertilized under the same conditions and that from these we obtained fifty-two rose hips whose seeds yielded eight hundred small plants the following year.
How did this experiment originate? The female element of Peace was Johanna Hill while the male element came from a budding stock filled under the number 103-32-A, that is, brought into existence in 1932, and was the product of a cross between Charles P. Kilhan and Margareth MacGredy.....Finally we crossed Johanna Hill with this 103-32-A, having in mind a high branching rosebush of great hardiness, and a healthy and decorative foliage like that of Margareth MacGredy. We hoped that a color pattern would evolve between yellow and bicolor yellow-red, that is, with an extensive range of colors.
By experience we also knew that the factor which determines the form of flowers of the Ophelia variety was dominant and would be perpetuated in its descendants of the variety to which Johanna Hill belonged. The latter therefore appeared to be the best one to use because of its rather pronounced unchanging and extraordinarily sturdy foliage, of being highly resistant, and of producing buds quite as well formed as those of Ophelia.
...I still see in my mind's eye the place that the original small plant, 3-35-40 occupied, but nothing yet called it to our attention. It was in 1936 that some of its buds were grafted. The budding certainly took place very early in the season, for, about the tenth of October, when father and I were passing by the grafts in question, we notived their smooth foliage, surmounted by large buds, which were on the point of opening. Profiting by an extremely favorable period in that autumn of 1936, these buds produced flowers of marvelous form and size, of a greenish color warming toward yellow and progressively impregnated with carmine on the edges of the petals....It was this specimen [3-35-40] which in the summer of 1939, at the moment when the war  broke out, was the favorite of our greenhouses in Tassin."
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