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'Charles Darwin ®' rose Description
'Charles Darwin ® (English Rose, Austin, 1991/2001)' rose photo
Photo courtesy of Cavallo
Availability:
Commercially available
Synonyms:
HMF Ratings:
63 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
ARS:
Medium yellow Shrub.
Registration name: AUSpeet
Origin:
Bred by David C. H. Austin (1926-2018) (United Kingdom, 1991).
Introduced in United States by David Austin Roses Limited (USA) in 2001 as 'Charles Darwin'.
Class:
Shrub.   (Series: English Rose Collection)  
Bloom:
Yellow, buff shading.  Moderate, opinions vary fragrance.  up to 136 petals.  Average diameter 2.75".  Medium, very full (41+ petals), in small clusters bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  Rounded buds.  
Habit:
Medium, bushy, thornless (or almost).  Medium, semi-glossy, medium green, leathery foliage.  5 to 7 leaflets.  

Height: 39" to 42" (100 to 105cm).  Width: 3' (90cm).
Growing:
USDA zone 5b through 10a.  Can be used for cut flower, garden, landscape or shrub.  Disease susceptibility: very disease resistant.  Remove spent blooms to encourage re-bloom.  Spring Pruning: Remove old canes and dead or diseased wood and cut back canes that cross. In warmer climates, cut back the remaining canes by about one-third. In colder areas, you'll probably find you'll have to prune a little more than that.  
Patents:
Australia - Patent No: AU4059P  on  26 Aug 2010
Application No: 2004/132  on  15 Apr 2004   VIEW PBR PATENT
In 1992, seed parent unnamed seedling was crossed with pollen parent ‘Ausgold’. The seeds produced were sown Jan 1993 and grown in a greenhouse until flowering. Mr Austin selected the best seedling and from this and six buds were grafted to ‘Laxa’ rootstock. This seedling (to be later known as ‘Auspeet’) was further trialled and in 1995, selected for multiplication, and numbers increased to 60. Bud grafting was conducted each year to produce approximately 5000 plants by 1999. Throughout this period ‘Auspeet’ appeared to be genetically stable with no offtypes noted. Selection criteria: an English style rose with good fragrance and disease resistance. Breeding directed by D.C.H. Austin, of David Austin Roses Ltd, Albrighton, England.
First sold in USA July 2001.
 
Canada - Patent No: 3813  on  17 Mar 2010
Application No: 04-4095  on  9 Mar 2004
'Auspeet' originated from a cross between two unnamed seedlings, made at Bowling Green Lane, Albrighton, United Kingdom in 1991. Selection criteria included plant growth habit and repeated flowering.
 
European Union - Patent  on  2004
 
New Zealand - Patent  on  2004
 
United Kingdom - Patent  on  2003
 
United States - Patent No: PP 13,992  on  22 Jul 2003   VIEW USPTO PATENT
Application No: 10/032,197  on  20 Dec 2001
Observations made from plants of six years of age grown in a garden environment at Albrighton, England, July, 1998
Notes:
Per the Australian patent: Controlled pollination: in 1992, seed parent unnamed seedling was crossed with pollen parent ‘Ausgold’. Therefore, Unnamed seedling X Golden Celebration.