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'Rose Van Sian' rose References
Article (newsletter)  (1997)  Page(s) 44.  
One of a number of old French Gallica roses from the 1800s which were considered nearly thornless
Book  (Oct 1995)  Page(s) 86.  Includes photo(s).
Cardinal de Richelieu Description, culture, landscape uses... produces masses of fragrant, many-petalled flowers that are loosely cupped, showing the China rose influence... one of the darkest and most elegant of the purple gallicas... should always be surrounded with silver foliage plants such as lamb's ears or artemisia...
Book  (Nov 1994)  Page(s) 27, 30.  Includes photo(s).
Page 27: The influence of other roses than Gallica is found in 'Cardinal Richelieu'
Page 30: Description. Laffay, France, 1840
Book  (Sep 1993)  Page(s) 107, 229.  Includes photo(s).
Page 107: [Photo] Gallica. ('Rose Van Sian') Buds look pink, but flower opens to shades of violet and grape-purple. Fragrant. Tall for a Gallica with smooth green leaves that possibly betray non-Gallica blood. 1840. Rose historians argue as to whether the credit should go to M. Laffay of Bellevue, France, or to a Dutchman by the name of Van Sian. Parentage unknown.
Page 229: [Photo]
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 75.  
Gallica (OGR), mauve, 1840, ('Cardinal Richelieu'); Laffay. Flowers dark purple, double, large; bushy growth. Usually credited to Laffay but may have been originated in Holland by Van Sian and originally named 'Rose Van Sian'.
Book  (Feb 1993)  Page(s) 44.  Includes photo(s).
Cardinal de Richelieu Gallica. Parentage: unknown. France 1840. Description and cultivation... The royal-purple flowers are rich and velvety, spherical, and clustered on the stems. Flowers often have a green eye...
Book  (1993)  Page(s) 18, 23, 25.  Includes photo(s).
Page 18: [Photo]
Page 23: [Photo]
Page 25: One of the darkest of all roses... [develops] into an arching mound of growth with dark green leaves and few thorns. It requires good cultivation and fairly severe pruning if it is to attain its full potential, otherwise the flowers may be rather insignificant... It is said to have been bred by Laffay of France in 1840, but may have been bred in Holland by Van Sian and originally named 'Rose Van Sian'.
Book  (Jun 1992)  Page(s) 113.  
Dickerson classifies it as a Hybrid China. Armand Jean de Plessis, Duc - and Cardinal - de Richelieu; minister of Louis XIII; lived 1585-1642.
Book  (1992)  Page(s) 326.  
Book  (1992)  Page(s) 57.  
'Cardinal de Richelieu' is suitable for pegging.
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