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'American Beauty' rose Description
'American Beauty (Hybrid Perpetual, Lédéchaux, 1875)' rose photo
Photo courtesy of jedmar
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
83 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT.  
Deep pink Hybrid Perpetual.
Registration name: American Beauty (Hybrid Perpetual, Lédéchaux, 1875)
Bred by Hippolyte Ledéchaux (France, 1875).
Introduced in United States by George Field and Bros. in 1886 as 'American Beauty'.
Introduced in Australia by C. F. Newman and Sons - Adelaide in 1894 as 'American Beauty'.
Hybrid Perpetual.  
Deep pink.  Strong, centifolia fragrance.  50 petals.  Large, full (26-40 petals), cupped, globular bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  

Height: 3' to 6'7" (90 to 200cm).  
USDA zone 6b and warmer.  Can be used for cut flower.  Disease susceptibility: susceptible to blackspot , susceptible to Mildew, susceptible to rust .  Cut back one-half every year..  Feed this rose well.  Requires good cultivation if it is to perform its best.  
Patent status unknown (to HelpMeFind).
In 1886, American Beauty was introduced into commerce in the USA from a plant collected from the garden of American historian, George Bancroft. That rose was propagated and sold by Field Bros. under the name American Beauty. American Beauty was later identified as the 1875 French-bred hybrid perpetual, Mme Ferdinand Jamin.

Rose authority and author Brent Dickerson accepts the theory propounded by Georgia Torrey Drennan, that American Beauty was a seedling raised by Baltimore nurseryman, Anthony Cook, and that Bancroft's daughter saw the rose in bloom at his nursery, bought the plant, and planted it in Bancroft's garden.

It continues to be debated whether 'American Beauty' and 'Mme. Ferdinand Jamin' were originally separate roses or not. Adding further difficulty is that, if they were originally separate, the two may have become mixed in commerce such that those comparing them may not in fact have proper representatives of the two roses to review.

See References for a full account.
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