'Rosa centifolia L.' rose Description
Photo courtesy of Spotted Rose Ranch/Fara Shimbo
243 favorite votes.
Bred by Unknown
Introduced in Australia by Camden Park
in 1843 as 'Provence Rose'.
Pink. Strong, rose fragrance. Medium to large, very full (41+ petals), borne mostly solitary, in small clusters, nodding or "weak neck" bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer.
Armed with thorns / prickles, bushy, well-branched. Large, semi-glossy, medium green foliage. 5 to 7 leaflets.
Height: 5' to 6'11" (150 to 210cm). Width: up to 5' (up to 150cm).
Patent status unknown (to HelpMeFind).
'Common Provence' and 'Cabbage Provence' seem to have been distinct varieties.
Rosa centifolia seems to bloom in flushes throughout the year in temperate climates - see References.
The thirteenth-century agricultural and horticultural manual, Āsār va aḥyā' by Rashid al-din Fadl-allāh Hamadānī (1247?-1318), mentions varieties with one hundred and even two hundred petals. The earliest mention of R. centifolia seems to be in Zoroastrian religious writings of the VIIIth century or earlier.