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'York and Lancaster' rose Description
'York and Lancaster' rose photo
Photo courtesy of Flor's Rose Garden
Availability:
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
78 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
ARS:
Pink blend Damask.
Origin:
Bred by Unknown (before 1551). Bred by Adrian Van der Gracht (Belgium, before 1576).
Class:
Damask.  
Bloom:
Pink blend, stripes.  Strong fragrance.  Average diameter 2.5".  Semi-double to double bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  
Habit:
Armed with thorns / prickles.  
Height of 5' to 7' (150 to 215 cm).  Width of 4' to 7' (120 to 215 cm).
Growing:
USDA zone 3b and warmer.  Shade tolerant.  
Parentage:
Notes:
An early reference from 1576 may relate to the breeding of 'York and Lancaster'.
In Roses for English Gardens, Gertrude Jekyll refers to a Damask called 'Rosa Mundi' and says that it is also known by the name of 'Cottage Maid' and 'York and Lancaster'. Further, she says that 'York and Lancaster is also claimed for another striped rose of much less value.
Jules Gravereaux says that a Centifolia named York et Lancastre grew in Josephine's garden at Malmaison...
Redoute, Vol. I, Plate 137, Rosa damascena variegata
Mike Lowe gives this rose a date of 1629...
 
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