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'York and Lancaster' rose References
Magazine  (Jun 2020)  Page(s) 18. Vol 42, No. 2.  Includes photo(s).
 
York and Lancaster in mainly pink mode. Photo Les Johnson. 
York and Lancaster in mainly white mode. Photo Andrew Ross.
 
Book  (Feb 2009)  Page(s) 40.  
 
‘York et Lancastre’/Rosa damascena versicolor/Rosa damascena variegata/’York and Lancaster’: Anciens hybrides européens: les Gallicanae – Les rosiers de Damas. Ce n’est pas vraiment un rosier panaché, mais plutôt un rosier bicolore… NB: Souvent confondue avec ‘Rosa Mundi’, elle symbolise la réconciliation des familles de York et de Lancastre qui se livrèrent la célèbre «Guerre des Deux Roses». Description.
Article (magazine)  (2009)  Page(s) 31.  
 
R. x damascena versicolor  (= 'York and Lancaster') Source RJBM [Réal Jardin Botanico Madrid] Chromosome Number 28
Article (magazine)  (2006)  Page(s) 68, 71.  
 
p. 68: ...identical phenotypes were found within OGR cultivars for R. xcentifolia L. 'Rubra' and 'Crested Moss' for 'Kazanlik', 'Quatre Saisons Blanc Mousseux' and 'York and Lancaster', and for 'Old Blush' and 'Viridiflora'.

p. 71: ʻQuatre Saison Blanc Mousseauxʼ, ʻKazanlikʼ, and ʻYork and Lancasterʼ are clustered as a single allelic phenotype, in agreement with Iwata et al. (2000). The first cultivar is a known sport of ʻQuatre Saisonʼ (selected by M. Laffay prior to 1837) and belongs to the Moss group (Beales et al., 1998; Cairns, 2000; Harkness, 1978); ʻKazanlikʼ and ʻYork and Lancasterʼ are two accessions of unknown origin morphologically similar to ʻQuatre Saisonʼ with deep pink and pink blended fl owers, respectively.
Book  (2001)  Page(s) 93.  
 
York and Lancaster Damask, pink blend, prior to 1867. Rating: 7.6
Book  (2000)  Page(s) 636.  Includes photo(s).
 
‘York and Lancaster’/ Rosa damascena versicolor/ ’Versicolor’/ ’York et Lancastre’: Damas. Description… Photos p.637, flowers and hip.
Article (magazine)  (Jun 1999)  Page(s) 104.  Includes photo(s).
 
Rosa damascena variegata one of the roses grown in Joséphine's garden at Malmaison... the York and Lancaster rose is one of the most fragrant varieties...
Book  (Apr 1999)  Page(s) 82-83.  
 
York and Lancaster ('À Pétales Variés', 'Damascena Petala Variegata', 'Folio Variegata', 'Versicolor') Damask. Monardes pre-1551. [The author cites information from many sources...] named in 1551 in memory of the end of the bloody English 'War of the Roses'... This variety has been known for quite a long time; but it is not much thought of except as a collector's item; its sub-variety, 'La Félicité', is preferred... Going by its look, this flower takes its origin from the white 'Tous-Mois' [Damask Perpetual] on which some pollen from a red rose [Gallica] has fallen... One of the great romances, immortalized by Shakespeare in 'Henry VI', was connected with a conflict lasting thirty years and [is known] in history as the 'War of the Roses'. Two branches of the royal family of England, the House of York and the House of Lancaster, both descended from a common ancestor, Edward III, claimed the right to the throne... The House of York had for a rallying sign a white Rose while the Lancastrians selected a rose Rose... in 1486, both houses were united by the marriage of Henry VII of Lancaster with Elizabeth of York...
Book  (Dec 1998)  Page(s) 636, 637.  Includes photo(s).
 
Page 636: York and Lancaster (Rosa damascena versicolor, 'Versicolor', 'York et Lancastre') Damask... color is variable some [blooms] consisting of soft mid-pink and others consistently white; both shades may even be present in the same flower
Page 637: [Photo]
Book  (Nov 1998)  Page(s) 25.  
 
York and Lancaster The darker-colored blooms are pink, not red, but white flowers also appear. More frequently, however, the semidouble, fragrant blossoms are randomly splashed with both colors, no two alike...
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