[From The Rose Garden
, by William Paul, p. 237:] The Damask are readily distinguished from others by a robustness of growth, in conjunction with rough spinous shoots, and downy coriaceous leaves of a light green colour... The flowers are mostly of fair size; some are large, and all are showy... The Damask Rose is allowed to be of great antiquity... For two hundred years this Rose underwent but little change; but modern Rose-growers have improved and varied it to such a degree, producing through it, first, Damask Perpetual
, then Hybrid Perpetual
, that the favourites of so long standing are threatened with oblivion... The Damask Roses are very hardy... rather more rambling than the French Roses. They flower abundantly; in some instances the flowers rest among the leaves and branches which surround them; in others they are elevated above. It is chiefly from the petals of this species, in common with those of the Provence (R. centifolia))
, that Rose-water is distilled. Acres of Roses are grown in some parts of the world expressly for the purpose.
Hips are slender
[From The Charm of Old Roses
, by Nancy Steen, p. 42:] Typically, Damasks have large curved prickles and their leaves are large, round, and of a soft green.
[From Classic Roses
, by Peter Beales, p. 87:] the fragrance of damasks is spicy, somewhat lingering.
[From Gardening with Roses
, by Judith McKeon, p. 19:] Damasks form vigorous, upright or lax shrubs and have very thorny canes that are covered with downy gray-green foliage. Robust, disease-resistant, and free-flowering, damask shrubs are taller than their compact gallica parents. Flower colors include shades from pure white and soft tints of blush pink to clear and
[From The Rose Bible
, by Rayford Reddell, p. 24:] The original Damask rose is believed to be a natural hybrid between a Gallica rose and R. phoenicea
... In general, Damask roses grow taller than Gallicas, often to 5 feet... powerfully fragrant... typically clear pink...
[From the June/July 1999 issue of Garden Design
magazine, which has several articles/notes of interest to rose growers. One of these is an article by Stephen Scanniello, formerly curator of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden’s Cranford Rose Garden
, about roses Josephine grew at Malmaison and that are still available today, p. 104:] Damask roses were often grown around taverns and inns -- their petals were collected as room fresheners...
[From Roses of America
, by Stephen Scanniello and Tania Bayard, p. 62:] Damask roses, the most fragrant of the old garden roses, are nearly as ancient as the gallicas, to which they are closely related... There really is no such thing as a true species called Rosa damascnea
: all the damask roses appear to be hybrids that show the influence of R. gallica
, R. canina
, and R. phoenicia
... Damasks usually grow much larger and taller than the gallicas, and they have lighter colored foliage.
[From The Old Rose Informant, by Brent C. Dickerson, p. 76:] The Damasks and the Quatre-Saisons have only a few sports, of which the pompon of the Quatre-Saisons is the most notable... [writing in 1826, Jean-Pierre Vibert said that he had] not been able to make it last more than three years...