'Butterfly Rose' References
Booklet (2009) Page(s) 43.
The relationships among the Tea accessions in the 3-D analysis were the same as in the dendogram, except for one accession. 'Mutabilis' (C23) sorted into the Tea Type cluster [close to Jean Bach Sisley] on the dendogram, but here is found to be outside of the tighter Tea cluster and nearer to the main China group.
Booklet (2009) Page(s) 28.
Diploid....Mutabilis, heterozygous loci 74% [Provenance: Antique Rose Emporium]
Booklet (2009) Page(s) 53.
Two more China class roses are also located just outside the main group, between the China Roses and the Tea Types. 'Mme. Laurette Messimy' and 'Mutabilis' (C9 and C23) also have the same haplotype as OG3 [R. odorata var. gigantea].....'Mutabilis' has long been considered a China Rose by most references, and is the best example of one of the China Rose traits - darkening from bud through aging bloom (Dickerson, 1992). However, at least one source can be found that puts forth the opinion that it may be derived in part from the Tea Roses (Thomas, 1980). Both the SSR and chloroplast data support this hypothesis that 'Mutabilis' has strong Tea influence in addition to China Rose heritage.
"China Rose is the vigorous parent of many of today's hybrid roses and seems thankfully resistant to the diseases that plague its highly-bred progeny. The remarkable thing about this variety is the way the 2" single flowers change from buff to apricot to dark pink as they age, so one shrub will be decorated with all three colors at once! The fragrance is similar to a Tea Rose, and it blooms sporadically from spring into fall, with heavy flowering in late spring. New foliage and stems are a beautiful, deep red on a 4-6' semi-evergreen, rounded shrub form. One source indicates this plant is hardy in zone 6, but a protected location is probably necessary. Not native."
Article (magazine) (2007) Page(s) 404.
Table 1. Comparison of key volatile components in representative cultivated Chinese roses and species. [adsorption volume by Solid Phase Microextraction (peak area, x10')]
Rosa chinensis var. mutabilis
Article (magazine) (Dec 2000) Page(s) 149.
Mutabilis -- Correct horticultural classification is HCh (Hybird China & Climbing Hybrid China) [according to the ARS].
Article (magazine) (Oct 2000) Page(s) 35.
Mutabilis Correct horticultural classification is Hybrid China & Climbing Hybrid China [according to the ARS].
Website/Catalog (4 Jan 1999) Page(s) 19. Includes photo(s).
Website/Catalog (Jun 1998) Page(s) 32. Includes photo(s).
Book (1998) Page(s) 139-140.
Rosa chinensis 'Tipo Ideale' c. 1920
syn. R. mutabilis Correvon, R. chinensis 'Mutabilis'; R. x odorata 'Mutabilis'
'This was found in the Garden of a distinguished Horticulturist (who is responsible for the name)' (Newry roses 1928-1929).
Thomas Smith marketed 'Tipo Ideale', described in 1921 by Lady Moore as having 'bright pink (blooms) with crimson shadows'-
'A little further up the path on a trellis of Larch poles a single climbing rose of unusual colour and shape is flourishing. Some years ago Lady Ross saw this remarkable rose in a small market garden ... in Italy and wisely brought home a plant. ... the flowers are not the usual cupped shape, but flattened with undulating petals something like rose 'Anemone', but flatter. The stems are very slender with delicately shaped leaves. It is flowering so freely one wondered where the cuttings so generously promised by Sir John Ross were to come from, but they have arrived. The name of this delightful rose is R. Tipo Ideale.'
'Tipo Ideale' had been 'discovered' by Lady Ross-of-Bladensburg growing in Baveno on the shores of Lago Maggiore in northern Italy, not far from Isola Bella, the famous residence of Prince Gilberto Borromeo. The prince evidently knew this rose, although then misnamed Rosa turca or Rosa turkestanica, because about 1895 he presented a plant to Henri Correvon, the Swiss gardener who, coincidentally praised Daisy Hill Nursery for its unequalled collections. Daisy Hill Nursery propagated it, and as eraly as 1929-1930 it was listed in the rose catalogue (see Thomas, A Garden of Roses, 62 (1987), who noted that as 'Mutabilis' this rose reached Britain in 1916). Eventually this lovely rose was identified as a cultivar of the China rose, Rosa chinensis, and today bears the name 'Mutabilis' (now (1997) listed in The RHS Plant Finder as R. x odorata 'Mutabilis') which Henri Correvon gave it ('Rosa mutabilis Corr.', Revue horticole n.s. 24: 60-61 (1934)), evidently not knowing that it already had a name.
For help in ascertaining the history of 'Tipo Ideale', I am grateful to Dr Cammarano Umberto, Borgomanero, Italy.
A stock plant of 'Tipo Ideale' was kept in a glasshouse at Daisy Hill, and it was known to the staff as the penny-farthing rose, but this nickname cannot now be explained (P.McCann, pers. comm.).
refs: Newry roses no 121: 19 (1928-1929); Moore, 'Roses at Rostrevor House', Irish Gardening 16: 97-98 (1921).
PF [RHS Plant Finder] 1997 (as R. x odorata 'Mutabilis'): propagate vegetatively, by cuttings or grafting.