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Sir Abraham Hume

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Reference only rose, peony and clematis nursery and introducer   Listing last updated on 09 Jul 2020.
Wormleybury, Hertfordshire
United Kingdom
… internet contact information
Sir Abraham Hume, 2nd Baronet, (February 20, 1749 - March 24, 1838)
British politician and floriculturist, elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1775, and a founding member of the Geological Society.
[From History of European Botanical Discoveries in China, 1898, by Emil Bretschneider, p. 211:] Hume, Sir Abraham, was a Fellow of the Hort. Soc. He had a garden at his estate Wormley-Bury in Hertford-shire, where he cultivated many rare exotic plants. (Trans. Hort. Soc. IV, 59). Florists are especially indebted to Sir Abraham for the first introduction of many kinds of Chrysanthemum and beautiful varieties of Chinese Paeonies, between 1798-1820....

[From British Naturalists in Qing China, 2004, by Fa-Ti Fan, p. 19]: Enthusiastic promoters boosted efforts to introduce ornamental plants from China. Two shareholders of the East India Company, Abraham Hume and Gilbert Slater, mobilized their resources and sponsored the introduction of numerous chrysanthemums and other spectacular garden flowers from China in the late eighteenth century.

Sir Abraham Hume's family was involved in shipping and trade to and from India and China:
[From "Debrett's Baronetage of England", 1835, p. 191:]
Alexander Hume (ca. 1693 - September 15, 1765)
Eldest brother of Abraham Hume, "was a member in three parliaments for the borough of Southwark [1743-54, 1761-65 and in Steyning 1754-61], and several years an East India director [1737-40, 42-45, 47-48], and d. 15 sept. 1765...[acquired estate of Wormley Bury in 1739]
[From Bankibazar - Ostend and Imperial Factory in Bengal 1722-1744, 2009, by Michal Wanner:] Alexander Hume...lived in...Southwark...wrote and spoke fluent French, and confidentially knew continental entrepreneurs, mainly those settled in Flanders and in account with East India trade...He left the East Indian Company as a young boy. In 1720 he bacame supercargo....on the ship called Ville de Vienne...The ship left for the Coromandel Coast...[in 1724] the [Ostend] Company designated Alexander Hume as the governor of the factories in India...
Abraham Hume (1703 - October 10, 1772)
Father of Sir Abraham Hume, created 1st Baronet on April 4, 1769, commissary-general of the army, Member of Parliament for Steyning and Tregony.
Alexander Hume (ca. 1726 - May 11, 1794)
Son of 1st baronet Abraham Hume's elder brother Peter; "Alexander was many years chief of the English factory at Canton" [also 3rd in the Council of Calcutta]
From The Gentleman's Magazine, 1794, Vol. 63, Part I, p.485:]...May 11. At his house on Clay-hill, Enfield, aged 68, of a paralytic affection, under whish he had laboured several vears, Alexander Hume, esq. formerly an East India supracargo, and cousin to Sir Abraham H. bart. He married, first, a near relation of Sir Theodosius Boughton, bart of Warwickshire, by whom he has left two sons and two daughters ; secondly, 1779, the only daughter and heiress of John Adolphus Schroeder, esq. by whom he has left 3 sons and 3 daughters.
Captain Alexander Hume (ca. 1733 - November 18, 1800)
[From "Debrett's Baronetage of England", 1835, p. 191:] "Alexander, captain in the East India Company's service, died unmarried", elder son of Abraham Hume's elder brother Robert, of Charles Town, South Carolina]
From The Gentleman's Magazine, 1800, Vol. 70, Part II, p.1017:]...November...18. In Gerard street, Soho, aged 67, Alexander Hume, esq. formerly captain of a ship in the East India Company's service, but had long retired ; and, on the 25th, his remains were interred in the church yard at Wormley, the seat of his relation, Sir Abraham home, bart.
Alexander Macleod Hume
[From "Debrett's Baronetage of England", 1835, p. 191:] Captain Alexander Hume's younger sister Susanna married in 2nd marriage Alexander Macleod, esq., by whom she had 1 son, Alexander, who was in the civil service of the East India Company at Madras, and took the name and arms of Hume, by royal sign manual, dated 25 Nov. 1802, pursuant to the will of his maternal uncle, Alexander Hume, esq.

[From "A Register of Ships Employed in the Service of the Honorable The United East India Company From the Year 1760 to 1810" by Charles Hardy and Horatio Charles Hardy, 1811:]
Trips financed with East India Company:
By Abraham Hume:

"Fox" (499 Reg. ton.): 30.3.1761 Portsmouth - Coast and Bay - 2.7.1763 Downs (Capt. Alexander Hume)
"Winchelsea" (499 Reg. ton.): 25.3.1762 Portsmouth - Bombay - 20.3.1764 Lost on Gasper San. (Capt. Thomas Howe)
"Lord Mansfield" (499 Reg. ton.): 24.3.1763 Portsmouth - Bombay - 10.7.1765 Downs (Capt. Alexander Macleod)
"British King" (499 Reg. ton.): 30.4.1763 Downs - Coast and Bay - 29.9.1765 Downs (Capt. Peter Pigon)
"Fox": 12.4.1765 Downs - Madras and Bombay - 12.7.1767 Downs (Capt. Alexander Hume)

By Alexander Hume:
"Fox": 4.6.1772 Plymouth - Bombay - 12.10.1770 Plymouth (Capt. David Mitchell)
"Princess Royal" (499 Reg. ton.): 6.2.1770 Downs - Coast and China - 9.7.1771 Downs (Capt. Robert Ker)
"Fox": 5.2.1772 Downs - Coast and China - 22.7.1773 Downs (Capt. David Mitchell)
"Princess Royal": 21.12.1772 Downs - Bencoolen and China - 30.5.1774 Downs (Capt. Robert Kerr)
"Lord Mansfield": 24.12.1772 Portsmouth - Coast and Bay - 7.9.1773 Lost Bengal River (Capt. William Fraser)
"Fox" (758 Reg. ton.): 7.3.1779 Portsmouth - Coast and China - 3.10.1777 Downs (Capt. David Mitchell)
"Princess Royal" (864 Reg. ton.): 16.1.1777 Portsmouth - Coast and China - 23.8.1778 Downs (Capt. Robert Kerr)
"Earl of Mansfield" (758 Reg. ton.): 25.12.1777 Portsmouth - St. Helena and China - 16.10.1779 Downs (Capt. William Fraser)
"Fox": 7.3.1779 Portsmouth - Coast and Bay - 20.10.1781 Downs (Capt. John Blackburn)
"Princess Royal": 6.1.1787 Portsmouth - St. Helena and Bencoolen- 20.10.1781 Downs (Capt. Robert Ker)
"Earl of Mansfield" (758 Reg. ton.): 3.6.1780 Portsmouth - China - 31.3.1781 Downs (Capt. William Fraser)
"Fox" (758 Reg. ton.): 11.3.1783 Portsmouth - Coast and Bay - 27.9.1784 Downs (Capt. John Blackburn)
"Earl of Mansfield": 10.2.1784 Downs - Coast and Bay - 2.9.1785 Downs (Capt. William Fraser)
"Earl of Mansfield": 16.2.1786 Portsmouth - Bencoolen and China - 13.10.1787 Downs (Capt. Brodie Hepworth)
"Princess Royal" (805 Reg. ton.): 6.1.1787 Portsmouth - Coast and Bay - 22.8.1788 Downs (Capt. James Horncastle, 4 James Pendergrass)
"Princess Royal": 26.4.1790 Portsmouth - Bombay - 16.5.1791 (Capt. James Horncastle, 2 James Pendergrass)
"Princess Royal": 5.4.1793 Portsmouth - St. Helena and China - Taken by the French 29.9.1795 (Capt. James Horncastle, 2 James Pendergrass, 4 George Welstead)

By Sir Abraham Hume:
"Hope": (1200 Reg. ton.) 5.6.1797 Portsmouth - China - 22.10.1798 Portsmouth (Capt. James Horncastle, 2 James Pendergrass, financed by Alexander Hume)
"Hope": 18.6.1799 Portsmouth - China - 30.9.1800 Portsmouth (Capt. James Horncastle, 2 James Pendergrass, financed by Alexander Hume)
"Hope": 31.3.1801 Portsmouth - Coast and China - 14.6.1802 (Capt. James Horncastle, 2 James Pendergrass)
"Hope": 27.4.1803 Portsmouth - China - 15.8.1804 Portsmouth (Capt. James Pendergrass)
"Hope": 25.4.1805 Portsmouth - China - 7.4.1806 Portsmouth (Capt. James Pendergrass)
"Hope": 18.4.1807 Portsmouth - China - 11.9.1808 Portsmouth (Capt. James Pendergrass)
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